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The ASAS communications accessories provides capital connectivity and interface capabilities with a array of Army and collective advice systems. These advice systems board the G2 (S2) and ACE admission into collective intelligence systems and gateways into affiliated systems in bunch operations. The aggregate of Army, joint, and adapted purpose intelligence communications systems board interoperability amid intelligence organizations and users at assorted echelons.

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ASAS workstations are affiliated locally through a LAN and alfresco the ACE by a WAN. The SCI aegis akin LAN allows workstations to barter advice and to allotment accepted communications interfaces. The WAN provides the ACE admission to IEW organizations throughout the AO and amphitheater long-haul communications systems.

ASAS workstations and the CCS or CAMPS are affiliated through a aggregate of a LAN and absolute abstracts exchange. The LAN allows workstations to barter advice with added workstations and to allotment a accepted database and communications interfaces. The ACE LAN operates at the SCI level. ASAS-RWS alfresco the ACE may be operated apart or on added accessory LANs.

The ASAS is interoperable with a advanced ambit of Army and Collective communications systems. These systems anatomy the WAN that underpins the intelligence architectonics that the ACE uses to accumulate and advertise intelligence. The networks that achieve up the WAN board multichannel, single-channel adapted radios, wire, and accessory systems. All are chip to board voice, data, and packet about-face communications to the intelligence users and producers at assorted echelons. Best importantly, these communications systems acquiesce the ASAS to barter advice with Army and Collective automated intelligence processors.

This breadth is an overview of the arch systems of the ACUS, CNR, and ADDS. These systems board the Army communications abutment to the ABCS. Calm with the collective communications systems discussed after in this chapter, they board the framework for collective and Army split-based intelligence abutment to advanced deployed Army forces.

The ACUS is a multi-user, common-user breadth arrangement for aerial aggregate C2, operations, intelligence, administrative, and acumen communications. It consists of a alternation of nodal switching centers in a grid-like arrangement affiliated primarily by earthbound band of afterimage (LOS) multichannel radio systems. The arrangement provides an chip switching arrangement from army through amphitheater Army. The ACUS additionally provides interface credibility with admission to cardinal and comestible abject environments. Figure 4-1 is an archetype of a assay MSE network.

Mobile Subscriber Accessories (MSE). MSE is the courage of the ACUS communications arrangement at band and division. it is the primary arrangement acknowledging ACE operations and ASAS connectivity. By accouterment agenda communications from the band rear breadth advanced to the action battalion, MSE extends the ASAS interoperability from amphitheater Army to advanced advice collectors. These communications board telephone, facsimile, adaptable radiotelephone, abstracts transmission, and CNR arrangement access. MSE secures transmissions to the accessory SECRET level. Aegis of SCI requires use of an added COMSEC capricious activated from a DSVT by the subscriber afore it is appear to the MSE.

MSE provides both anatomic point-to point communications and geographic abutment to the appointed units. Geographic abutment is provided through a gridded arrangement of nodes and bulge centers to all elements acute communications aural a appointed area. These nodes are commutual by earthbound LOS multichannel radios. Breadth breadth is akin or continued ambit is desired, troposcatter or accessory radio systems can be used. Anniversary band interfaces with added corps’ through the switching nodes. The arrangement is commonly accustomed and maintained by the corps’ arresting army based on the breadth communications plan.

The ASAS connectivity to the MSE is provided by the CCS or CAMPS through force admission switch, baby addendum nodes (SEN), or ample addendum nodes (LEN). Arrangement admission is accustomed from a DSVT via wireline through a J-1077 alliance box at the CCS or CAMPS. The admission MSE arresting is initially baffled into the CCS or CAMPS breadth communications software converts it into a accordant agreement format. After conversion, all letters are automatically baffled to the adapted workstation or database based on apparent accent abode (PLA) and accretion indicators activated to anniversary message. COMSEC aegis and MSE on angle account is provided through the “S” capricious in the DSVT for articulation and abstracts transmissions.

See FM 11-30, FM 11-37, and FM 11-38 for added advice about the MSE.

The CNR provides a accessory bureau of abstracts communications for the ASAS. It covers a ample spectrum of single-channel radio systems acclimated for actual C2. The CNR architectonics consists of VHF FM radios, aerial abundance (HF) amplitude accentuation (AM) radios, and UHF adapted accessory systems. The CNR systems are advised to accommodated the requirements of speed, reliability, and aegis on the battlefield.

Improved Aerial Abundance Radio (IHFR). IHFR is the new ancestors of defended adapted HF AM radios replacing systems such as the AN/PRC-7, AN/GRC-165, and AN/GRC-106. The IHFR extends and complements VHF FM communications networks in the band and division. The IHFR is configured as the AN/GRC-193A (vehicular), AN/GRC-213 (manpack or vehicular), and the AN/PRC-104 (manpack). Beginning with ASAS Block II, the ASAS will be able of IHFR communications.

Single-Channel Arena and Aerial Radio Arrangement (SINCGARS). SINCGARS is the new ancestors of VHF FM radios replacing earlier FM accessories on a one-for-one basis. It provides defended articulation and abstracts transmission, a ample abundance spectrum, and a frequency-hopping capability. With an ICOM capability, it secures abstracts to the SECRET akin and provides low anticipation of ambush back operated in the frequency-hopping mode. However, back overlaid with a adapted “S” capricious aegis device, frequency-hopping modes are voided. The ASAS CCS contains four SINCGARS transceivers operated in the single-channel approach for both articulation and abstracts communications. These radios are acclimated primarily for articulation and abstracts communications with acknowledging IEW assets. If necessary, they can board admission to the MSE arrangement or, if the MSE is not available, board an alternating bureau of ASAS abstracts communications.

Tactical Accessory (TACSAT). The TACSAT (AN/TSC-85B and AN/TSC936) provides defended long-haul Super Aerial Abundance (SHF) articulation and abstracts accessory communications. It can interface and board an internodal articulation amid broadly afar MSE bulge centers (NCs) or a aperture articulation amid net ascendancy stations (NCSs). The arrangement provides ASAS a communications articulation with college degree intelligence centers or advanced elements during split-based operations.

See FM 11-30 and FM 24-1 for added advice on CNR operations.

The ADDS is an chip C2 communications arrangement accouterment NRT manual capabilities to abutment aerial aggregate abstracts networks. Additionally, it provides absolute position, location, navigation, identification, time of day, and advertisement advice for units on the battlefield. ADDS meets the needs of users for a aerial speed, aerial volume, defended communications arrangement to back sensor cartage for appraisal and battlefront abstracts for ambition engagement. The aggregate of time assay assorted admission (TDMA), frequency-hopping, and advance spectrum technologies provides attrition to adversary jamming. The arrangement automatically relays abstracts from the abettor to the destination clearly to the user. The Added Position Breadth Advertisement Arrangement (EPLRS), MSE Packet About-face Arrangement (MPN), and Adapted Fire Direction Arrangement (TACFIRE) are examples of ADDSs.

Enhanced Position Breadth Advertisement Arrangement (EPLRS). The ASAS Block II and follow-on versions will acquire an EPLRS capability. The EPLRS is a computer-based communications arrangement advised to board secure, jam-resistant, altercation free, NRT abstracts manual and administering to subscribers. Additionally, it provides assemblage identification, abyssal aids, and automated breadth advertisement of adapted action and action abutment units. The EPLRS uses basic bifold akin (CONFIDENTIAL and SECRET) COMSEC with over-the-air rekeying, frequency-hopping, and absurdity alteration encoding as aegis from cyberbanking attack.

See FM 11-30 and FM 24-1 for added advice on ADDS.

This breadth is an overview of the primary collective communications systems through which intelligence flows. These systems abutment the circadian aliment of intelligence address and board the communications foundation for split-based intelligence operations.

The DCS is a blended of assertive Department of Aegis (DOD) communications systems and networks. The arrangement provides long-haul, point-to-point, and switched arrangement telecommunications. The Aegis Advice Systems Bureau (DISA) provides centralized administering and command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4 ) systems of the DCS. The US Army Advice Systems Command is the Army’s controlling abettor for the DISA. The communications networks of the DISA are discussed below.

Defense Switching Arrangement (DSN). The DSN is the arch accepted user, switched, nonsecure articulation communications arrangement aural the DCS. It abide of a accepted arrangement of bartering busy and government-owned facilities. Adapted DSN subscribers commonly accretion admission through the Amphitheater Communications Arrangement (TCS) appliance the AN/TTC-39 ambit switch. The TCS provides ambit or bulletin switches and absolute admission to abounding accepted DOD networks.

Defense Advice Systems Arrangement (DISN). DISA chip the Aegis Abstracts Arrangement (DDN) packet switching networks beneath the DISN. DISN provides DOD accepted packet switched abstracts communications through four physically abstracted networks. These networks were implemented with technology developed by the Advanced Research Projects Bureau (ARPA) appliance packet about-face nodes (PSNs). These PSNs acquire inputs appliance the all-embracing accepted x .25 set of protocols. Until absolutely replaced by DISN, the four networks are managed calm as the DDN:

Under DISN, the four DDNs will abide physically abstracted and the x .25 PSNs replaced with commercially attainable Internet Agreement (IP) routers. Anniversary arrangement will apply IP routers to achieve switching and accretion functions. The block circuits that interconnect the routers may be aggregate by multiplexing the encrypted outputs of the routers. DIA will alteration DSNET3 to an IP router arrangement beneath the advocacy of the JWICS program.

Automatic Agenda Arrangement (AUTODIN). DISA operates the AUTODIN system. AUTODIN is the DOD accepted user store-and-forward bulletin switching arrangement for all almanac bulletin traffic. It consists of a arrangement of anchored and adaptable AUTODIN switching centers (ASCs) and AUTODIN communications centers. The accepted AUTODIN arrangement acquired from the alliance of the Aegis Adapted Aegis Communications Arrangement (DSSCS) with the Accepted Casework (GENSER) AUTODIN arrangement in the mid-1970s. While the two absolute systems accept been merged, anniversary arrangement has retained its own character and mission function. GENSER AUTODIN (referred to as the “R” side) handles UNCLASSIFIED through TOP SECRET almanac bulletin cartage including adapted class (SPECAT) blazon messages. DSSCS AUTODIN (referred to as the “Y” side) handles almanac bulletin cartage absolute SCI information. DISA is replacing the age-old and inefficient AUTODIN with the avant-garde E-mail based Aegis Bulletin Arrangement (DMS).

Each ASAS requires an AUTODIN accretion indicator to barter information. Router indicators analyze the accord of subscribers to their ancestor bulletin switching center. As declared above, the “R” routers admission the accessory aegis akin almanac bulletin cartage of the accepted GENSER AUTODIN network, and the “Y” routers admission the DSSCS for SCI AUTODIN bulletin traffic. The ASAS CAMPS is discussed in agreement of the “Y” and the “R” sides. Figure 4-2 is an archetype of intelligence use of AUTODIN communications amid a deployed band ACE and its CMISE at the band garrison.

Defense Bulletin Arrangement (DMS). While the DMS is a arrangement in the faculty that its apparatus assignment calm to board bulletin services, it is and will abide to be the blended aftereffect of abounding accommodating account and bureau development and accretion projects. DMS supports two classes of messages: authoritative letters (formal almanac messages) and alone letters (informal E-mail). Its advertisement bulletin arrangement supports on-line bulletin preparation, coordination, and absolution of authoritative messages. The DMS will alter the centralized AUTODIN bulletin system, the DDN E-mail components, and the formats and procedures of the accepted bulletin administering baseline.

DODIIS is the DIA managed affairs that incorporates the DISN defended networks beneath a distinct architecture. The arrangement defines the standards for intelligence systems and applications interoperability. The DODIIS provides, aural limits, an chip cardinal to adapted user ambiance for assuming identical intelligence functions on accordant systems. The system’s primary apparatus board the SECRET Internet Agreement Router Arrangement (SIPRNET), the JWICS, and the JDISS.

Secret Internet Agreement Router Arrangement (SIPRNET). SIPRNET replaces the DDN DSNET1 as the SECRET allocation of DISN. Its complete architectonics will be accomplished by amalgam a new accepted courage router system. Assorted DOD router casework and systems will drift assimilate the SIPRNET courage router arrangement to serve the long-haul abstracts manual needs of the users. Manual casework will use acute multiplexer and 512 kilobytes per added (kbps) channels. Added manual casework will be acquired or busy as needed. Future amplification will advance to the T1 ambit abstracts amount of 1.544 megabytes (mbps) and potentially to the T3 abstracts amount of 45 mbps. Aerial acceleration packet switched account will be provided through the use of IP routers. This SECRET router band of the DISN is advised to abutment civic aegis C3I requirements.

JWICS. JWICS replaces the DDN DSNET3 as the SCI allocation of DISN. It provides DODIIS users a SCI akin accelerated multimedia arrangement appliance high-capacity communications to handle data, voice, imagery, and graphics. The arrangement uses JDISS as its primary bureau of abettor interface and display. In abundant the aforementioned way as ASAS, JWICS is an evolutionary system. The JWICS affairs antecedent or pilot appearance accustomed a hub and batten ambit switched T1 courage for point-to-point and multipoint video teleconferences (VTCS), advertisement of the Aegis Intelligence Arrangement (DIN), and capricious bandwidth packet switched abstracts communications. The Hybrid JWICS appearance removed the DSNET3 PSNS, re-homed the curve to JWICS IP routers, and continued the JWICS to added sites to anatomy a cobweb network. Some sites will accept video and abstracts adequacy on T1 lines, and some sites will accept carefully abstracts adequacy (64 kbps lines). The final phase–Goal JWICS–will alter Hybrid JWICS with a distinct commercially attainable technology that can board data, voice, and video. This technology is accepted to be asynchronous alteration approach (ATM). JWICS will ride the DISN as an bury back the DISN acquires T3 lines.

This breadth describes the adapted purpose intelligence communications systems acknowledging Army IEW operations. These systems board intelligence organizations the committed and adjustable intelligence communications bare to abutment commanders above the ambit of aggressive operations.

A cardinal of advertisement systems abutment the broadcasting of adapted intelligence to commanders at assorted echelons. These systems are usually advised to “push” formatted time-sensitive advice to adapted forces. This advice includes multi-sensor civic and amphitheater cyberbanking intelligence (ELINT) and imagery-derived data, and multisource alloyed adapted force disposition information.

One system, the Adapted Related Applications (TRAP) advertisement arrangement provides accepted broadcasting of ELINT, acquaintance reports, and parametric advice at the SECRET level. This advice is advertisement from one of nine gateways, appliance Adapted Abstracts Advice Barter System-Broadcast (TADIXS-B) bulletin architectonics over a aggregate sideband of the UHF accessory communications approach acclimated for the Navy’s Agile Defended Articulation communications. Called Air Force units accept the TRAP advertisement appliance their CONSTANT SOURCE terminals; Army units use the Synthesized UHF Computer Controlled Accessories Substation (SUCCESS) radio; and Navy and Marine Band use Adapted Accept Accessories (TRE) terminals. Added accepted advertisement systems are–

See Collective Pub 2-0 and Collective Pub 6-0 for added advice on collective communications abutment to intelligence operations. Figure 4-3 illustrates UHF advertisement broadcasting coverage.

The Collective Adapted Terminal (JTT), aforetime the Commanders Adapted Terminal (CTT), is a ancestors of adapted appliance UHF adapted intelligence terminals which board the adequacy to advertise time acute Command, Control, Communications, Computer, and Intelligence (C41), and battlefield targeting advice to adapted commanders-and intelligence nodes. This advice is provided in near-real-time and allows called accumulating managers at all echelons a full-duplex adequacy to dynamically acclimatize pre-planned tasking. The JTT has the adequacy of operating in the afterward intelligence broadcasting networks: TRIXS, TIBS, TRAP, and TADIXS-B. The ASAS CCS will accept the AN/USR-55, a abounding bifold data/half bifold articulation adaptation of the JTT Hybrid (JTT/H3), and the Collective STARS GSM will accommodate the AN/USR-6, a accept alone adaptation of Hybrid (JTT/H-R3). Currently, the CTT/Hybrid Receive-Only (CTT/H-R) 2 approach arrangement (AN/USR-5) is actuality fielded with the GSM; however, these systems will ultimately be replaced by the JTT. The United States Air Force (USAF) Contingency Aerial Reconnaissance Arrangement (CARS), the Army GUARDRAIL IPF, and adapted units in the TRIXS net use the JTT/H-R to advertise information. The JTT/H-R additionally provides the administrator admission to amphitheater and civic intelligence through the TIBS and TRAP.

The SUCCESS UHF radio is a absolutely automated chip based, computer-controlled UHF radio. Abstracts may be transmitted and accustomed accompanying over its one address and three accept channels. Two SUCCESS radios may be ample to board an integrated, absolutely redundant, two address and six accept approach capability. The radio is advised to acquaint with called airborne, terrestrial, and accessory systems. It contains a TRE processor and can action all TRAP and TADIXS-B formatted transmissions. The arrangement is advised for arena or adaptable cloistral environments. The DIA accepted advice subsystem is accordant with TROJAN, MSE, DIN or DSSCS, as able-bodied as all Adapted Exploitation of Civic Capabilities (TENCAP) systems.

The AN/TSQ-175 TIGER abide of an RT-1288A, KG-84A, and laptop bartering processing system. It supports abstracts communications advertisement appliance NRP amid advanced deployed IEW sensors and the ASAS CCS.

The TDN is a router, TCP or IP based network. It is overlaid on the communications arrangement that links the AN/FSQ-144(V) TROJAN Classic axial operating accessories and about-face extensions at assorted US bases with alien accumulating accessories worldwide. The TDN is subdivided into three electronically and physically afar networks that accord to the three aegis levels appropriate of the system. As with the TROJAN Classic architecture, the TDN has a TROJAN Arrangement Ascendancy Centermost in the TROJAN About-face Centermost at Fort Belvoir, VA, to board agreement ascendancy and arrangement management. The three networks of the TDN are–

TROJAN Abstracts Network-1 (TDN-1). The TDN-1 operates at the SECRET aegis akin and is the aperture to DSNET1. It provides abstracts barter amid TROJAN Classic facilities, about-face extensions, and Adapted Purpose Intelligence Alien Chip Terminals (SPIRITs).

TROJAN Abstracts Network-2 (TDN-2). The TDN-2 operates at the TOP SECRET/SCI level. It provides abstracts barter amid called TROJAN sites acute admission to the NSA network.

TROJAN Abstracts Network-3 (TDN-3). The TDN-3 operates at the TOP SECRET/SCI aegis akin and is the aperture to JWICS. It provides abstracts barter amid TROJAN Classic facilities, about-face extensions, and SPIRITs.

TROJAN SPECIAL PURPOSE INTELLIGENCE REMOTE INTEGRATED TERMINAL (SPIRIT) II:

The AN/TSQ-190(V), TROJAN SPIRIT II, provides accepted defended voice, data, facsimile, video, and accessory adumbration broadcasting capabilities.

The TROJAN SPIRIT II is a band and assay asset that provides committed intelligence communications. The system’s SATCOM arrangement supports up to 14 circuits (8 SCI and 6 collateral) appliance capricious baud ante from 4.8 to 512 kbps per approach on C, Ku, or X abundance bands. Arrangement connectivity adequacy includes DSNET1 and DSNET3, MSE, and TPN interfaces, as able-bodied as LAN connectivity. The TROJAN SPIRIT II is apartment army on two HMMWVs. It ties into TDN as a adaptable about-face addendum from tactical. The system’s two workstations additionally acquiesce the operators to accept and advertise accessory imagery, SIGINT databases and reports, and UAV video. This adequacy allows the TROJAN SPIRIT to serve as a acting communications set for the ACE during redeployment or split-based operations. Figure 4-4 shows TROJAN SPIRIT’s connectivity potential.

See FM 34-10-2 for added advice on Army adapted purpose intelligence communications systems.

The ASAS is not the alone processing arrangement begin in the ACE or acknowledging IEW operations. Added systems board the ACE admission to advertisement intelligence or abutment missions not envisioned for ASAS Block I. The systems declared beneath are begin in the ACE at amphitheater Army, corps, division, brigade, abstracted brigade, and ACR. Some of these systems will be alone and their missions affected by the ASAS Block II and GCS back those systems are fielded.

The ETUT is a amphitheater Army and band asset. It is an average processing arrangement that receives TENCAP agenda accessory adumbration and activated ELINT via ACUS or SUCCESS radio. Able with three analyst workstations, the ETUT provides accessory adumbration for use in targeting and NRT ELINT abstracts to the SIGINT aggregation of the ACE abstruse ascendancy and processing section. The arrangement is advised as the interface amid the EPDS for SIGINT abstracts and the Adumbration Processing and Broadcasting Arrangement (IPDS) or Adaptable Adumbration Exploitation Arrangement (MIES) for adumbration data. It additionally provides an automated accumulating administering capability.

ETUT communications consists of a SUCCESS radio which provides accompanying connectivity with assorted aerial and spaceborne platforms as able-bodied as the TRAP and TADIXS-B interface. The ELINT position maintains a database which is a absorption of the abstracts manipulated in the EPDS. The adumbration administering position interfaces with a array of corps, theater, and civic adumbration systems to board softcopy manipulatable imagery, as able-bodied as a database of exploited adumbration reports.

The AN/UYK-71A, FAISS, is a band and assay Deejay Operating Arrangement (DOS) accordant processing and broadcasting system. The arrangement was one of the aboriginal desktop computers fielded to band through ACR TCAEs in the continental United States (CONUS). The arrangement allows analysts to import, export, and administer SIGINT, topographic, collateral, and civic systems databases and messages. Any database records, such as assemblage position or topographic indicators, can be advised on maps displayed on the system’s video monitors. The FAISS will be retained in some units to board a minimum automation adequacy until ASAS is absolutely fielded.

The primary mission of the GSM is to accept and action Collective STARS adumbration abstracts to abutment targeting, bearings development, and action command. It can additionally accept UAV video and, via its congenital JTT, accessory advertisement intelligence. The GSM is begin at anniversary degree from amphitheater Army to army and ACR. In accession to the capital and advanced command posts at corps, division, brigade, and ACR, a GSM is commonly amid with the capital command posts of aerodynamics and arms brigades. There are two abettor positions in the GSM and a alien terminal that can be positioned in the accurate unit’s command column or ACE. The ancestor arrangement was the Interim GSM (IGSM). Assembly versions are the Medium GSM (MGSM) and Light GSM (LGSM). The cold arrangement is the accepted arena abject (CGS). The LGSM is projected to advance into the CGS.

The MITT is the downsized adaptation of the Adapted Aerial Mobility Terminal (THMT) and replaces the THMT in the force structure. The MITT is a assay ACE asset. It is an average processing arrangement that receives TENCAP agenda accessory adumbration and activated ELINT via ACUS or SUCCESS radio. It receives, annotates, and transmits accessory imagery. It can additionally receive, process, and advertise SIGINT abstracts and advance a activated database.

The MITT is able with the SUCCESS radio for stand-alone defended communications able of accepting TRAP, UHF SATCOM, and point-to-point earthbound communications. The MITT is accepted for and accordant with the TROJAN network, MSE, DIN, and DSSCS, as able-bodied as all TENCAP systems. By accession the MITT alien terminal with the ambition choice team, it provides accessory adumbration for use in targeting. The arrangement provides NRT ELINT abstracts to the SIGINT aggregation of the ACE abstruse ascendancy and processing section.

The AN/TSQ-163, Top Graphic SSP-S PI, is a transportable, downsized, failing accession to the SSP-S begin in the amphitheater Army MI brigade. The SSP-S PI provides added communications and SIGINT processing to the accepted SSP-S. Communications software permits the arrangement to interface with amphitheater and communications systems. The SIGINT processing arrangement uses ASAS-SSW and Core Analyst Tool Arrangement (CATS) applications software. The SSP-S PI communications subsystem supports defended character-oriented letters appliance COMCAT, USMTF, and USSID bulletin formats.

The WARRIOR workstation is an ASAS ancestor arrangement originally developed as a collective accomplishment of the Project Manager-intelligence Fusion and United States Army, Europe (USAEUR). Appointed as ASAS-W, it is a awful able stand-alone intelligence processor that can be acclimated in abode of or to accompaniment the ASAS-RWS in the G2 (S2). Employing a UNIX operating arrangement and bartering hardware, the WARRIOR can receive, store, process, and affectation data, graphics, and adumbration products. The system’s communications software supports LAN and WAN connectivity. Lessons abstruse from units which accept acclimated the arrangement in CONUS, Europe, Korea, and Southwest Asia accept been congenital into the WARLORD applications software citizen on ASAS-RWS of ASAS-Extended.

See FM 34-10-2 for added advice on Army intelligence processors.

The ASAS is not the alone processing arrangement acknowledging aggressive operations. Collective and account basic intelligence processing systems anon and alongside accord to the IEW operations of the ACE. The systems declared beneath are begin in collective and account basic intelligence organizations that may abutment Army operations.

DITDS is a bulletin administering arrangement with specialized software accoutrement advised to abutment and facilitate the altered abstracts administering requirements of the intelligence community. These accoutrement acquiesce the abettor to accept admission bulletin cartage and create, manage, and dispense databases. DIA is the backer bureau for DITDS. A cardinal of government and aggressive organizations use DITDS-format systems beneath altered names. Added names for DITDS include–

The types of databases that abatement beneath anniversary of these DITDS-format systems varies by organization, but are all manipulated appliance the aforementioned DITDS software tools.

The JDISS is a adaptable laptop or desktop workstation that can achieve breadth there is amplitude for a computer and admission to JWICS. It is a multimedia arrangement acknowledging a ample ambit of borderline accessories including CD-ROM, scanners, agenda cameras, appraisal modules, Adapted Communications-2 (TACO-2) and a array of printers. The arrangement is an chip set of bartering off-the-shelf accouterments and UNIX-based software applications. Its applications software includes chat processing, E-mail, CHATTER, presentation graphics, spreadsheets, database management, adumbration abetment and dissemination, mapping, and alien access. Communications interfaces can be configured to accommodated specific user requirements for interoperability amid JDISS users at strategic, operational, and adapted levels. JDISS can be installed on ASAS Block I SSWs and will be citizen on all follow-on ASAS versions.

The JMST, aforetime accepted as Accumulating Administering Abutment Tools, is a UNIX based arrangement that provides a accumulating administrator with an automated bureau of tasking national, theater, and amoebic accumulating assets in abutment of operations. Rapidly attainable databases acquiesce the user to assay asset capabilities, ensure able tasking of assets, and clue the cachet of asset tasking. JMST supports accumulating administering through the use of belvedere and ambition breadth coverage, forth with timelines for planned missions. Arrangement functions board asset adequacy and availability analysis, bulletin processing of over 30 bulletin types and formats, full-duplex accepted communications, database administering of an alternate operation with over 20 databases (target, contact, references, and symbology), and arrangement aegis administration.

Typically, the intelligence architectonics calls for abstracts breeze from civic sources such as DIA into a Amphitheater Administering Host. The amphitheater JIC flows intelligence abstracts bottomward to the Air Operations Centermost (AOC) via the Action Intelligence System’s Abstracts Administering (CIS-DM) server. CIS-DM feeds the Contingency Amphitheater Automated Planning Arrangement (CTAPS) by correlating the chip database (IDB) and the automated associator (from Constant Source) data. The CIS Targeting Bore (TM), aforetime Rapid Appliance of Air Power, uses this abstracts to achieve the Ambition Choice Account (TNL) and associated weaponeering loads. CIS again passes the TNL to the Advanced Planning Arrangement (APS) to abutment the Air Tasking Adjustment (ATO) build. (Note: APS has been adopted as the Collective ATO body system.) The assemblage mission planning corpuscle (MPC) and agile operations use CIS to–

Hardware included with the arrangement allows the user to book blush maps and full-size map overlays, book blush or atramentous and white conference slides, browse images, and book hardcopy photographs.

Intelligence abutment functions accept been congenital into the Collective Amphibian Command Advice Arrangement (JMCIS), the Navy’s primary C2 arrangement afloat. This includes those functions ahead begin in the Naval Intelligence Processing Arrangement (NIPS), and the JDISS functions now actuality fielded. For example, on an aircraft carrier the JDISS functions will be attainable on the SCI-level Navy Adapted Command System-Afloat workstation on a LAN bond the Carrier Intelligence Centermost (CVIC), the Address Arresting Exploitation Amplitude (SSES), and the Supplementary Plot (SUPPLOT). The SUPPLOT is the SCI breadth to the Flag Command Center. However, agile units will still await on abutment from centers ashore, abnormally the amphibian JICs (Atlantic and Pacific), for processing aerial aggregate abstracts from non-organic sensors, and for the account of the action amplitude above the ambit of the afloat force’s amoebic sensors. Shipboard JDISS, affiliated to the ship’s SHF communications system, is acutely bandwidth bound and appropriately slow. NISTs are more deploying to JTFs boarded aboard command ships at sea and are bringing their own carriageable JDISS. Planning charge additionally board aloof bandwidth, counterbalanced antennas, and a 360-degree acreage of appearance (FOV) of the COMSATs, because of a rolling sea accompaniment and branch changes of the ship.

The Intelligence Assay Arrangement (IAS) is the Marine Corps’ primary intelligence processing arrangement acknowledging Marine IEW operations. It is a UNIX-based modular, three tiered, ADP arrangement which provides multisource intelligence abutment to the Marine Basic and Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF). JDISS communications functionality is congenital into the IAS. This provides interoperability with amphitheater and JTF JICs and admission to DSNET3 and JWICS. IAS may achieve at either the accessory GENSER or DSSCS SCI-level, and it incorporates a accessory adumbration broadcasting capability.

Intelligence abutment to Adapted Operations Armament (SOF) is provided via SOCRATES. SOCRATES encompasses absolute intelligence abutment for SOF mission activities, including computers, databases, intelligence communications systems, defended phones, facsimile equipment, adumbration processing, and accessory adumbration broadcasting equipment. SOCRATES chip absolute Intelligence Abstracts Administering Arrangement (IDHS) and the DITDS, which hosts a database accurately focused on agitation and OOTW into a LAN-based, multi-functional intelligence abutment system. This adequacy (including ADP, defended voice, accessible antecedent and classified bulletin traffic, video mapping, softcopy adumbration processing, and accessory adumbration dissemination) is continued to USSOCOM armament appliance the USSOCOM SCAMPI, a busy band communications link. SOCRATES additionally provides abounding admission to civic intelligence systems and databases. Future SOCRATES will focus on accouterment on-line connectivity to operational units and amphitheater SOF, and development of a rugged, carriageable SOCRATES workstation. Additionally, SOCRATES will alteration into a UNIX ambiance employing the JDISS architecture, and again will advance into a applicant server environment.

Databases of advice are maintained by all government agencies and services, to board ASAS-equipped Army units bottomward to the army level. Admission to databases will about be accustomed on a need-to-know abject and with the permission of the database’s backer agency. Agreement to admission these databases differs with anniversary one and anniversary is accountable to change.

The IDB resides on the MIIDS architectonics and supports accepted MI production. The IDB is the primary DIA intelligence database accouterment chip abstracts on adopted aggressive organizations worldwide. The IDB abstracts and anatomy supersedes the Aegis Intelligence Adjustment of Action Arrangement (DIOBS), the Automated Intelligence Installation Book (AIIF), and the Aegis Intelligence Accessories Index (DIEQP). DIA is the backer bureau for MIIDS and IDB.

In CONUS, the US Army Armament Command (FORSCOM) Automated Intelligence Abutment Activity (FAISA) at Fort Bragg, NC, has admission to the MIIDS and IDB by adapted users of the ASAS. They advance a complete archetype of DIAs MIIDS and IDB and amend book affairs in adjustment to abutment the adapted user. This breadth discusses how to admission files absolute MIIDS abstracts sets and updates.

Obtaining MIIDS. There are currently three methods of accepting MIIDS abject endless and updates.

The antecedent ASAS Block I software does not acquiesce for absolute admission from ASAS to the FAISA Arrangement to achieve book alteration of MIIDS and IDB files. To get to the data, the assemblage will charge an average host on the LAN that will do the job. In best cases, acreage account abutment cadre will achieve all the book transfers for the unit.

IDB Book Types. There are two types of IDB files on the FAISA System:

The database advertisement in Table 4-1 is not all-inclusive. Admission to databases and files is based on mission and justification.

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