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The accent begins with a beeline band on a apple-pie whiteboard. Nihal Usmani starts the aboriginal assignment of ‘learning Urdu through Hindi’ in a calm, bashful voice: “This is Alif, the aboriginal letter.” Even admitting the classroom is empty, his articulation extends above the camera lens into a bend of YouTube, to about a actor viewers. His different access of application Hindi to ascertain Urdu separates him from a army of accent agents online and has ensured him a loyal audience. He assures that ‘Alif’ is present in Hindi as well. With addition abrupt achievement of his pen, he draws a band over the ‘alif,’ axis it into the Hindi brand that makes the ‘a’ sound.
“Now you recognise it, right? This is the Hindi complete for ‘a.’”
Alphabet by alphabet, Usmani gain to bare a accent by agency of another. This seamless about-face amid Hindi and Urdu is one of the foremost affidavit for Usmani’s acceptance on YouTube. His admirers comprise Indians, who appetite to adept adopted languages, but may not accept the authority over English that is appropriate in burghal India. Indeed, Usmani chose Hindi and added colloquial languages as the average absolutely because they accept continued been beggared of the ‘normative’ cachet in pedagogy. Be it Urdu through Bangla or French through Hindi, Nihal’s approach contains abounding such permutations and combinations in which he bridges the ambit amid two bounded languages by switching tongues with enviable ease.
Usmani got the abstraction for application one accent to explain the added in the backward 1950s, back he acquainted into a radio account from Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) which accomplished Bangla through Urdu. “I absolutely admired this appearance of teaching languages, so I listened to it regularly, and in one ages I could allege Bengali,” he says. Beginning his career as a translator alive in Urdu, he abiding a alteration to Delhi artlessly so he could cantankerous paths with added languages. “In Delhi, a lot of embassies conducted their accent classes, so I enrolled in those, sometimes in Japanese embassy, or the Iranian, or Bulgarian, and so on. In these places, I abstruse a lot of languages and teaching techniques I acclimated later.”
However, it was the band amid Hindi, Urdu and a few added bounded languages that accepted cardinal for Nihal Usmani’s breakthrough. “Using Hindi and Urdu not alone cuts through the majority of the subcontinent’s population, but goes adjoin bold English as the built-in language, and accent acquaint don’t commonly use our bounded languages. Aloof as my videos accomplished India’s Hindi speaking people, I got requests from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and added countries to use Urdu to analyze the Hindi language.” This assimilation of languages is able-bodied reflected by his subscriber abject of about three lakh bodies on YouTube, who are accomplishment the allowances of a long-delayed absorption to the colloquial in accent teaching.
“For example, the Punjabi citizenry in rural Pakistan wants to apprentice the Gurmukhi script, but has no assets except the Urdu language, which is the barometer there.”
These abnormal combinations of linguistic and geopolitical nuances are not aberrant in Usmani’s students. In such circumstances, Usmani enables learners by application bounded languages at his auctioning rather than befitting to the ‘universal’ anglophone approaches that were acclimated for a European audience. His ability is not bound to Indian languages either — he uses Hindi or Urdu to advice abounding Indian immigrants in European countries apprentice German or French, a move that helps them decidedly to achieve bottomward in adopted countries.
“My videos that advise French application Hindi, for example, are beheld added in Europe by Indian or Pakistani immigrants than in India itself, which is one of the absorbing after-effects of online teaching.”
Usmani is able-bodied acquainted of the advantages of YouTube, so abundant so that he autonomous for an aboriginal retirement aloof to chase his affection for teaching languages online. The belvedere is endearingly assorted by his minimalist methods — the printed A4 sheets, ball-point pens, unedited voice-overs, but his approach has eventually blossomed into a accepted aperture for learners. The belvedere has accustomed him to awning sixty languages and collaborate about circadian with his abounding followers. “At first, I acclimated to be blessed with ten views, and I couldn’t accept absurd a million,” says Usmani. Indeed, the advanced demographic arc of his admirers would absolutely not accept emerged if not for the alteration to teaching online. “The leisure to practise, echo lessons, anywhere from the world, anytime they wish, is article actual liberating for the students.”
Does he anticipate of the languages south of the country? Adhering to the pan-Indian anatomy of learning, Nihal progressed above North Indian languages by refocusing on Kannada, Tamil and Telugu, as they are seeing growing demand. “I’ve fabricated some videos on Kannada and Telugu, abnormally those area I analyze Urdu through Kannada accouterment to the Kannada learners. These accept aggregate about a actor viewers.” Usmani intends to actualize an all-encompassing alternation on Malayalam by accessing assets in Kerala. “I plan to biking there and accumulate whatever I can to advice me alpha a alternation in Malayalam, as able-bodied as the four added above South Indian languages.”
As a built-in of Lucknow, Nihal credits the burghal acclaimed for its tehzeeb (etiquette) and multicultural bolt in auspicious a adulation of languages in him, abnormally Urdu, which he claims anybody tries to speak. “Even admitting it is beat by the Government, bodies in Lucknow accept consistently basked in anniversary other’s languages. The Bengalis advance Bangla, the Sindhis accept their own schools and so on, but they all aim to absorb some Urdu of Lucknow,” he informs. Back asked whether the contempo bouts of common astriction beyond religious curve in Uttar Pradesh and North India abuse this classical Lucknow atmosphere, he reveals that his optimism has not waned. “There has consistently been a baby boyhood of purists, who frown over bond languages and they are added arresting now, acknowledgment to the approval accustomed by those in power. But I’m not afraid that it will affect our multilingualism.”
He is abnormally hopeful of the adolescence amid his viewers, who he thinks are motivated to advocate the multiculturalist appearance by accessing anniversary other’s cultures. “The acceptance are not bigoted and are acquisitive to apprentice about added cultures. In the Urdu classes I accept run, acceptance were mostly non-Muslim, and the cardinal of Urdu speakers amid added communities has risen too.” Usmani himself tries enabling these cross-cultural curiosities through his “Learning Urdu through Poetry” series, in which he uses Ghalib, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, and added Urdu poets to adviser his admirers appear cultivating the quintessential Urdu pronunciation. With anniversary casual day, the accent man of Lucknow continues to bright paths for strangers to airing into languages.
(The columnist is a autograph babysitter with Ashoka University)
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