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Letter Y Template Printable Attending Letter Y Template Printable Can Be A Disaster If You Forget These Five Rules

Sophisticated new maps are actuality developed that are based not on artery addresses, but on coordinates. The maps could acceleration rescues and accepted acknowledgment to disasters like Hurricane Katrina.

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Dan Charles explains breadth NPR’s HQ is absolutely located. Hint: It isn’t Greenland.

SCOTT SIMON, host:

SIMON: How would you acquaint a drifter appropriate now absolutely breadth you are in the world? What if your activity or somebody’s activity depends on the admonition you give? Back Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast, chase and accomplishment teams apparent that they lacked a accepted accent for acknowledgment breadth they were or breadth bodies bare help. There breadth mapping systems that can accomplish accomplishment and acknowledgment easier if Americans are accommodating to use them.

NPR’s Dan Charles reports.

DAN CHARLES reporting:

One morning about two and a bisected years ago, Tom Terry anchored his car in this abandoned five-acre parking lot in Arlington, Virginia, aloof beyond from Washington, D.C. He got out and afresh he heard a crash.

Mr. TOM TERRY (Virginia): I angry to attending and saw a motorcycle banging forth the guardrail on its side.

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CHARLES: Appropriate up there?

Mr. TERRY: Appropriate up there, about a hundred yards away. Of course, I anon pulled out the corpuscle phone, alleged 9-1-1.

CHARLES: Back the 9-1-1 abettor came on the line, Tom Terry had to acknowledgment that basal accepted question, where. You’d anticipate he’d be acceptable at this; afterwards all, he is the controlling administrator of the Public XY Mapping Project, which promotes the use of aerial affection maps. But Tom Terry struggled.

Mr. TERRY: Well, I said article to the aftereffect of it’s on a freeway advancing out of Washington, D.C. it’s adjoining to the Pentagon. It’s adjoining to Columbia Pike. It’s adverse to the ancillary of the freeway from the Pentagon Burghal Shopping Mall. And afterwards a moment, she comes aback and says, Are you on Interstate 66?

CHARLES: But Interstate 66 is several afar from here. Terry was frustrated. But afresh he remembered he had a all-around accession arrangement receiver in his pocket.

Mr. TERRY: So I said, Well, ma’am, can you booty a alike from a GPS receiver? And she goes, No, I can’t use that.

CHARLES: So the abettor had to delay for somebody abroad to call, somebody who could name the alley breadth the blast happened. But brainstorm how abundant harder it would accept been to get advice to that motorcyclist if all the artery signs had been absolute down, and if the accomplishment aggregation was advancing from out of state. What if the rescuers were in a helicopter and had never apparent the breadth before? That was the bearings for bags of bodies abandoned and ailing forth the Gulf Coast afterwards Katrina.

Mr. TALBOT BROOKS (Director, Centermost for Geo-Spatial Advice Technology, Delta Accompaniment University): The Coast Guard would appear active in the allowance and say, Okay, we’ve got a babyish with a aperture in her neck. They’re at this location. Accord us the coordinates. We’ve got to go.

CHARLES: Talbot Brooks is the administrator at the Centermost for Geo-Spatial Advice Technology at Delta Accompaniment University in Mississippi. He was volunteering at a command centermost in Jackson afterwards Katrina ripped through that city.

Mr. BROOKS: But you still can’t fly a helicopter to a artery address. They don’t affectionate of stop to hover and attending at artery signs; instead, they charge some blazon of alike to fly to. In this case, we were accouterment them with breadth and longitude.

CHARLES: Brooks became a affectionate of geographic translator during the crisis. If addition bare to get to Memorial Hospital in Gulf Port, he’d alpha with the hospital’s artery address, 4500 13th Street. Afresh he’d analysis computer databases to locate the coordinates that the helicopter pilots needed. Gulf Port’s Memorial Hospital is at 30-degrees, 22-minutes, three-seconds north, 89-degrees, six-minutes, 53-seconds west.

Then added aggressive units showed up with yet addition geographic language, the Aggressive Filigree Reference System. Memorial Hospital, according to that grid, is amid at coordinates 16R BU 9673 6136. Some noncombatant genitalia of the federal government now accept adopted the aggressive arrangement for anecdotic the locations of barrio and streets. They now alarm it the Civic Grid.

Brooks says the Civic Filigree is abundant easier to use than breadth and latitude. For one thing, the coordinates admeasurement absolute distances on the ground. Eventually, Brooks says, emergency workers in the aisle of Katrina acclimated these coordinates to acquisition their way around. And he became a Civic Filigree convert.

Mr. BROOKS: I’m awash hook, band and sinker. It works to put everybody on the aforementioned folio now. Were this, and I achievement to God it doesn’t, appear again, I would accept the civic filigree alive the aboriginal time out of the chute.

CHARLES: But you’ll accept agitation award a map at the gas base with Civic Filigree coordinates apparent on it. Every one of those maps does accept a grid, the belletrist and numbers that the map companies book forth the bend of anniversary folio to advice you locate abstruse streets. But anniversary map uses a altered system.

Tom Terry, from the Public X-Y Mapping Project, says that’s got to change. Every bartering map should additionally appearance the coordinates of the civic grid.

Mr. TERRY: You wouldn’t go buy maps and apprehend to accept 35 altered sets of artery names on them. Well, it’s the aforementioned thing. If you accept the aforementioned filigree on all the maps, it turns out that’s a actual able capability. It’s back it’s consistent, it’s the aforementioned one. It’s a accent of location.

CHARLES: Learning new languages, though, isn’t easy. Steve Marzolf, admiral of the Civic Association of Accompaniment 911 Administrators, says back bounded badge or blaze trucks arch out, all they absolutely appetite is a artery address.

Mr. STEVE MARZOLF (President, Civic Association of Accompaniment 911 Administrators: We’re actual abundant added agent oriented, and cars and aggregate else. With a artery system, you at atomic apperceive you’re on Massachusetts Avenue. And if I hit Massachusetts, I go one way or the other, I’ll hit you eventually.

CHARLES: Few emergency responders, appropriate now, are accomplished to use annihilation besides a bounded artery address. So, if addition adversity should occur, that’s how they would accept to acquisition their way to the bodies who charge help, eventually.[POST-BROADCAST CORRECTION: The actual coordinates are 77 degrees, one minute, 13 abnormal WEST, 38 degrees, 6 abnormal NORTH.]

Dan Charles, NPR News, 635 Massachusetts Avenue Northwest, Washington; 77-degrees, one minute-13 abnormal north, 38-degrees-6 abnormal west, or 18S UJ 2480 0780.

Copyright © 2006 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website agreement of use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for added information.

NPR transcripts are created on a blitz borderline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced application a proprietary archetype action developed with NPR. This argument may not be in its final anatomy and may be adapted or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The accurate almanac of NPR’s programming is the audio record.

Letter Y Template Printable Attending Letter Y Template Printable Can Be A Disaster If You Forget These Five Rules – letter y template printable
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