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Cooper, A., Wang, Y., and Behne, D.M. (2019). Effects of semantic advice and segmental acquaintance on acquirements lexical tone. In A.M. Nyvad, M. Hejná, A. Højen, A.B. Jespersen & M.H.Sørensen (Eds.), A Sound Approach to Language Matters – In Honor of Ocke-Schwen Bohn. Aarhus University Press, Denmark (pp. 211-236). PDF
Garg, S., Harmaneh, G., Jongman, A., Sereno, J.A., and Wang, Y. (2019). Computer-vision assay reveals facial movements fabricated during Mandarin emphasis assembly adjust with angle trajectories. Emphasis Communication 113, 47-62. PDF
Using computer-vision and angel processing techniques, we aim to analyze specific beheld cues as induced by facial movements fabricated during Mandarin emphasis assembly and appraise how they are associated with anniversary of the four Mandarin tones. Audio-video recordings of 20 built-in Mandarin speakers bearing Mandarin words involving the beat /3/ with anniversary of the four tones were analyzed. Four facial credibility of absorption were detected automatically: centermost point of larboard eyebrow, adenoids tip (proxy for arch movement), and midpoints of the aerial and lower lips. The detected credibility were again automatically tracked in the consecutive video frames. Critical appearance such as the distance, velocity, and dispatch anecdotic bounded facial movements with account to the comatose face of anniversary apostle were extracted from the positional profiles of anniversary tracked point. Assay of about-face and affection emphasis assay based on accidental backwoods were performed to appraise the acceptation of anniversary affection for apery anniversary emphasis and how able-bodied these appearance can alone and collectively characterize anniversary tone. After-effects advance alignments amid articulatory movements and angle trajectories, with bottomward or advancement arch and countenance movements afterward the dipping and ascent emphasis trajectories respectively, lip closing movement actuality associated with the falling tone, and basal movements for the akin tone.
Leung, K.K.W. and Wang, Y. (2019). Relating acoustic backdrop of Mandarin tones to perceptual cue weights. In Sasha Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain & Paul Warren (eds.) Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 (pp. 3842-3846). PDF
This abstraction explores the production-perception affiliation of Mandarin tones by admiration built-in Mandarin speakers’ emphasis perceptual cue weights application acoustic appearance of their emphasis productions. Participants produced the Mandarin affricate /i/ with four tones and performed a accelerated bigotry task. A axiological abundance (F0) beggarly was computed for anniversary assembly and a ambit was adapted to anniversary emphasis curve to actuate F0 abruptness and curvature. A emphasis acme X emphasis administration perceptual emphasis amplitude and alone cue weights were acquired application the Alone Aberration Scaling (INDSCAL) analysis. The F0 beggarly X F0 abruptness emphasis amplitude provided the abutting bout to the perceptual emphasis space. The assorted beeline corruption with tone-totone distances of anniversary acoustic affection as predictors of the agnate cue weights did not accretion a cogent production-perception relationship. Allegation advance that added aerial acoustic correlates and ambit are bare to authorize patterns of cue weights in emphasis production-perception link.
Garg, S., Hamarneh, G., Jongman, A., Sereno, J.A., and Wang, Y. (2018). Joint gender-, tone-, vowel- classification via atypical hierarchical allocation for comment of monosyllabic Mandarin chat tokens. Proceedings of IEEE International Appointment on Acoustics, Emphasis and Signal Processing, Calgary. pp.1-5.
Tupper, P., Jian, J., Leung, K. and Wang, Y. (2018). Game academic models of bright against apparent speech. Proceedings of Cognitive Science Society conference. pp.1-6.
Aoyagi, M. and Wang, Y. (2017). Acumen of English sounds abortive in Japanese by Japanese admirers – Who is Fu? Proceedings of the 31st General Meeting of the Phonetic Society of Japan, Tokyo, pp. 142-147.
Cooper, A., Wang, Y. and Ashley, R. (2017). Thai rate-varied beat breadth acumen and the appulse of musical experience. Language and Speech, 60, 65-84. PDF
Musical acquaintance has been approved to comedy a cogent role in the acumen of adopted emphasis contrasts. The present abstraction advised whether or not agreeable acquaintance facilitated the normalization of speaking amount in the acumen of non-native phonemic beat breadth contrasts. Built-in English musicians and non-musicians (as able-bodied as built-in Thai ascendancy listeners) completed identification and AX (same–different) bigotry tasks with Thai vowels allegory in phonemic breadth at three speaking rates. After-effects appear facilitative furnishings of agreeable acquaintance in the acumen of Thai beat breadth categories. Specifically, the English musicians blooming analogously to the built-in Thai listeners, demonstrating college accurateness at anecdotic and acute between-category beat breadth distinctions than at acute within-category durational differences due to speaking amount variations. The English musicians additionally outperformed non-musicians at between-category beat breadth discriminations beyond speaking rates, advertence musicians’ ahead in acquainted absolute phonemic breadth differences. These after-effects advance that musicians’ accord to adroit and banausic advice in music transferred to facilitating their adeptness to adapt contextual quantitative variations (due to speaking rate) and apperceive non-native banausic phonemic contrasts.
Hannah, B., Wang, Y., Jongman, A., Sereno, J.A., Cao, J. and Nie, Y. (2017). Cross-modal affiliation between auditory and visuospatial Advice in Mandarin emphasis acumen in babble by built-in and non-native perceivers. Frontiers in Psychology: Language Sciences, 8, 2015, pp.1-15. PDF
Speech acumen involves assorted ascribe modalities. Research has adumbrated that perceivers authorize cross-modal associations amid audition and visuospatial contest to aid perception. Such intermodal relations can be decidedly benign for emphasis development and learning, area breed and non-native perceivers charge added assets to access and action new sounds. This abstraction examines how facial articulatory cues and co-speech duke gestures artful angle contours in amplitude affect non-native Mandarin emphasis perception. Built-in English as able-bodied as Mandarin perceivers articular tones anchored in babble with either coinciding or adverse AuditoryFacial (AF) and Auditory-FacialGestural (AFG) inputs. Built-in Mandarin after-effects showed the accepted ceiling-level achievement in the coinciding AF and AFG conditions. In the adverse conditions, while AF identification was primarily auditory-based, AFG identification was partially based on gestures, demonstrating the use of gestures as accurate cues in emphasis identification. The English perceivers’ achievement was poor in the coinciding AF condition, but bigger decidedly in AFG. While the adverse AF identification showed some assurance on facial information, adverse AFG identification relied added on gestural than auditory-facial information. These after-effects announce absolute furnishings of facial and abnormally gestural ascribe on non-native emphasis perception, suggesting that cross-modal (visuospatial) assets can be recruited to aid audition acumen back phonetic demands are high. The accepted allegation may acquaint patterns of emphasis accretion and development, suggesting how multi-modal emphasis accessory attempt may be activated to facilitate emphasis learning.
Wu, X., Kawase, S. and Wang, Y. (2017, co-first columnist with Wu). Furnishings of acoustic and linguistic acquaintance on Japanese angle emphasis processing. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20(5), 931-946. PDF
This abstraction advised the furnishings of L2 acquirements acquaintance in affiliation to L1 accomplishments on hemispheric processing of Japanese angle accent. Built-in Mandarin Chinese (tonal L1) and English (non-tonal L1) learners of Japanese were activated application dichotic listening. These adviser groups were compared with those recruited in Wu, Tu & Wang (2012), including built-in Mandarin and English admirers after Japanese acquaintance and built-in Japanese listeners. After-effects appear an all-embracing right-hemisphere alternative beyond groups, suggesting acoustically aggressive processing. Alone angle emphasis patterns additionally appear pattern-specific laterality differences, added absorption acoustic-level processing. However, adviser accumulation differences adumbrated L1 effects, with the Chinese but not English admirers approximating the Japanese patterns. Furthermore, English learners but not naïve admirers apparent a about-face appear the built-in direction, absolute furnishings of L2 learning. These allegation betoken chip furnishings of acoustic and linguistic aspects on Japanese angle emphasis processing as a action of L1 and L2 experience.
Leung, K., Jongman, A., Wang, Y. and Sereno, J.A. (2016). Acoustic characteristics of acutely announced English close and lax vowels. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 140, 45-58.PDF
Clearly produced vowels display best continuance and added acute ashen backdrop than plain, candid vowel. These appearance additionally characterize close about to lax vowels. This abstraction explored the alternation of clear-speech and ache furnishings by comparing bright and apparent productions of three English tense-lax beat pairs (/i-ɪ/, /ɑ-ʌ/, /u-ʊ/ in /kVd/ words). Both banausic and ashen acoustic appearance were examined, including beat duration, vowel-to-word continuance ratio, formant abundance and activating ashen characteristics. After-effects appear that the tense-lax beat aberration was about added in bright about to apparent speech, but clear-speech modifications for close and lax vowels showed a accommodation in the use of banausic and ashen cues. While plain-to-clear beat addition was greater for close than lax vowels, clear-speech modifications in ashen change was beyond for lax than close vowels. Moreover, borderline close vowels showed added constant clear-speech modifications in the banausic than ashen domain. Presumably, articulatory constraints absolute the ashen aberration of these acute vowels, so clear-speech modifications resort to banausic appearance and assets the primary ashen appearance for ache contrasts. These allegation advance that clear-speech and ache interactions absorb compensatory modifications in altered acoustic domains.
Chang, D., Hedberg, N. and Wang, Y. (2016). Furnishings of agreeable and linguistic acquaintance on analysis of lexical and adapted tones. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 139 (5), 2432-2447. PDF
This abstraction advised the analysis of Mandarin lexical tones and music adapted tones by admirers differing in linguistic and agreeable acquaintance (English musicians, English nonmusicians, and Mandarin non-musicians). Linguistic tonal continua were created from the Mandarin ascent to level, and falling to akin tones. Adapted continua were created by capricious the agenda D beneath the ambience of C and E. The tasks complex emphasis bigotry and identification. After-effects appear that agreeable training facilitated Mandarin emphasis categorization, with English musicians’ emphasis identification approximating built-in Mandarin patterns, actuality added absolute than English non-musicians’. However, English musicians showed college bigotry accurateness than Mandarin admirers but not English non-musicians. This suggests that agreeable acquaintance was not advantageous in acute linguistic tonal variations, which requires admirers to avoid attenuate concrete differences in adjustment to accomplish absolute judgments. Similarly, Mandarin emphasis acquaintance afflicted adapted emphasis identification, with Mandarin non-musicians approximating English musicians, assuming added absolute patterns than English non-musicians. In contrast, Mandarin non-musicians’ adapted bigotry was the atomic amid the three groups, advertence that their acquaintance with linguistic emphasis analysis may accept decreased their acuteness to aerial angle variations. These after-effects authenticate bi-directional alteration of angle accomplishment amid emphasis and music as a action of experience.
Tang, L., Hannah, B., Jongman, A., Sereno, J., Wang, Y. and Hamarneh, G. (2015). Examining arresting articulatory appearance in bright and candid speech. Emphasis Communication, 75, 1-13. PDF
This abstraction advised the accord amid acutely produced and apparent commendation anatomy emphasis styles and motion of arresting articulators. Application advanced computer-vision and angel processing techniques, we advised both advanced and ancillary appearance videos of speakers’ faces while they recited six English words (keyed, kid, cod, cud, cooed, could) absolute assorted vowels differing in arresting articulatory appearance (e.g., lip spreading, lip rounding, jaw displacement), and extracted abstracts agnate to the lip and jaw movements. We compared these abstracts in bright and apparent emphasis produced by 18 built-in English speakers. Based on statistical analyses, we begin cogent furnishings of emphasis appearance as able-bodied as apostle gender and saliency of beheld emphasis cues. Compared to apparent speech, we begin in bright emphasis best duration, greater vertical lip amplitude and jaw displacement beyond vowels, greater accumbent lip amplitude for advanced unrounded vowels, and greater amount of lip rounding and appendage for angled vowels. Additionally, greater plain-to-clear emphasis modifications were begin for macho speakers than changeable speakers. These articulatory movement abstracts authenticate that speakers adapt their emphasis productions in acknowledgment to candid needs in altered emphasis contexts. These after-effects additionally authorize the achievability of utilizing atypical computerized facial apprehension techniques to admeasurement articulatory movements.
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