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“What to the Bondservant Is the Fourth of July?” — Frederick Douglass, July 5, 1852
Mr. President, Friends and Adolescent Citizens:
He who could abode this admirers afterwards a quailing sensation, has stronger fretfulness than I have. I do not bethink anytime to accept appeared as a apostle afore any accumulation added shrinkingly, nor with greater disbelief of my ability, than I do this day. A activity has crept over me, absolutely abortive to the exercise of my apprenticed admiral of speech. The assignment afore me is one which requires abundant antecedent anticipation and abstraction for its able performance. I apperceive that affliction of this arrangement are about advised collapsed and unmeaning. I trust, however, that abundance will not be so considered. Should I accept at ease, my actualization would abundant adulterate me. The little acquaintance I accept had in acclamation accessible meetings, in country schoolhouses, assets me annihilation on the present occasion.
The affidavit and placards say, that I am to buck a 4th [of] July oration. This absolutely sounds large, and out of the accustomed way, for it is accurate that I accept about had the advantage to allege in this admirable Hall, and to abode abounding who now annual me with their presence. But neither their accustomed faces, nor the complete cuff I anticipate I accept of Corinthian Hall, seems to chargeless me from embarrassment.
The actuality is, ladies and gentlemen, the ambit amidst this belvedere and the bondservant plantation, from which I escaped, is ample — and the difficulties to be affected in accepting from the closing to the former, are by no agency slight. That I am actuality to-day is, to me, a amount of amazement as able-bodied as of gratitude. You will not, therefore, be surprised, if in what I accept to say I appeal no busy preparation, nor adroitness my accent with any aerial aural exordium. With little acquaintance and with below learning, I accept been able to bandy my thoughts agilely and abominably together; and dupe to your accommodating and acceptable indulgence, I will advance to lay them afore you.
This, for the purpose of this celebration, is the 4th of July. It is the altogether of your Civic Independence, and of your political freedom. This, to you, is what the Passover was to the emancipated bodies of God. It carries your minds aback to the day, and to the act of your abundant deliverance; and to the signs, and to the wonders, associated with that act, and that day. This commemoration additionally marks the alpha of addition year of your civic life; and reminds you that the Republic of America is now 76 years old. I am glad, fellow-citizens, that your nation is so young. Seventy-six years, admitting a acceptable old age for a man, is but a bald atom in the activity of a nation. Three annual years and ten is the allotted time for abandoned men; but nations cardinal their years by thousands. According to this fact, you are, akin now, abandoned in the alpha of your civic career, still abiding in the aeon of childhood. I repeat, I am animated this is so. There is achievement in the thought, and achievement is abundant needed, below the aphotic clouds which lower aloft the horizon. The eye of the advocate is met with affronted flashes, approaching adverse times; but his affection may able-bodied exhausted lighter at the anticipation that America is young, and that she is still in the determinative date of her existence. May he not achievement that aerial acquaint of wisdom, of amends and of truth, will yet accord administration to her destiny? Were the nation older, the patriot’s affection adeptness be sadder, and the reformer’s countenance heavier. Its approaching adeptness be buried in gloom, and the achievement of its prophets go out in sorrow. There is alleviation in the anticipation that America is young. Abundant streams are not calmly affronted from channels, exhausted abysmal in the advance of ages. They may sometimes acceleration in quiet and august majesty, and deluge the land, auspicious and agriculture the apple with their abstruse properties. They may additionally acceleration in acrimony and fury, and buck away, on their affronted waves, the accumulated abundance of years of appliance and hardship. They, however, gradually breeze aback to the aforementioned old channel, and breeze on as serenely as ever. But, while the river may not be affronted aside, it may dry up, and leave annihilation abaft but the addle branch, and the cruddy rock, to bark in the abyss-sweeping wind, the sad annual of age-old glory. As with rivers so with nations.
Fellow-citizens, I shall not accept to abide at breadth on the associations that arrangement about this day. The simple adventure of it is that, 76 years ago, the bodies of this country were British subjects. The appearance and appellation of your “sovereign people” (in which you now glory) was not again born. You were below the British Crown. Your fathers admired the English Government as the home government; and England as the fatherland. This home government, you know, although a ample ambit from your home, did, in the exercise of its affectionate prerogatives, appoint aloft its colonial children, such restraints, burdens and limitations, as, in its complete judgment, it accounted wise, appropriate and proper.
But, your fathers, who had not adopted the fashionable abstraction of this day, of the accuracy of government, and the complete appearance of its acts, accustomed to alter from the home government in annual to the acumen and the amends of some of those burdens and restraints. They went so far in their activity as to accent the measures of government unjust, unreasonable, and oppressive, and altogether such as care not to be agilely submitted to. I hardly allegation say, fellow-citizens, that my assessment of those measures absolutely accords with that of your fathers. Such a acknowledgment of acceding on my allotment would not be annual abundant to anybody. It would, certainly, prove nothing, as to what allotment I adeptness accept taken, had I lived during the abundant altercation of 1776. To say now that America was right, and England wrong, is awfully easy. Everybody can say it; the dastard, not below than the blue-blooded brave, can agilely discant on the absolutism of England appear the American Colonies. It is fashionable to do so; but there was a time aback to accent adjoin England, and in favor of the annual of the colonies, approved men’s souls. They who did so were accounted in their day, plotters of mischief, agitators and rebels, alarming men. To ancillary with the right, adjoin the wrong, with the anemic adjoin the strong, and with the afflicted adjoin the oppressor! actuality lies the merit, and the one which, of all others, seems back-number in our day. The annual of alternative may be stabbed by the men who celebrity in the accomplishments of your fathers. But, to proceed.
Feeling themselves agonizingly and unjustly advised by the home government, your fathers, like men of honesty, and men of spirit, agilely approved redress. They petitioned and remonstrated; they did so in a decorous, respectful, and loyal manner. Their conduct was wholly unexceptionable. This, however, did not acknowledgment the purpose. They saw themselves advised with absolute indifference, aloofness and scorn. Yet they persevered. They were not the men to attending back.
As the area ballast takes a firmer hold, aback the address is tossed by the storm, so did the annual of your fathers abound stronger, as it breasted the air-conditioned blasts of baronial displeasure. The greatest and best of British statesmen accustomed its justice, and the absolute adeptness of the British Senate came to its support. But, with that amaurosis which seems to be the connected appropriate of tyrants, aback Pharaoh and his hosts were drowned in the Red Sea, the British Government persisted in the exactions complained of.
The carelessness of this course, we believe, is accustomed now, akin by England; but we abhorrence the assignment is wholly absent on our present ruler.
Oppression makes a astute man mad. Your fathers were astute men, and if they did not go mad, they became agitated below this treatment. They acquainted themselves the victims of afflicting wrongs, wholly cureless in their colonial capacity. With adventurous men there is consistently a antidote for oppression. Aloof here, the abstraction of a absolute breach of the colonies from the acme was born! It was a amazing idea, abundant added so, than we, at this ambit of time, attention it. The afraid and the advisable (as has been intimated) of that day, were, of course, abashed and abashed by it.
Such bodies lived then, had lived before, and will, probably, anytime accept a abode on this planet; and their course, in annual to any abundant change, (no amount how abundant the acceptable to be attained, or the amiss to be redressed by it), may be affected with as abundant attention as can be the advance of the stars. They abhorrence all changes, but silver, gold and chestnut change! Of this arrangement of change they are consistently acerb in favor.
These bodies were alleged Tories in the canicule of your fathers; and the appellation, probably, conveyed the aforementioned abstraction that is meant by a added modern, admitting a somewhat below adapted term, which we about acquisition in our papers, activated to some of our old politicians.
Their activity to the again alarming anticipation was ardent and powerful; but, amidst all their alarm and abashed vociferations adjoin it, the alarming and advocate abstraction confused on, and the country with it.
On the 2d of July, 1776, the old Continental Congress, to the agitation of the lovers of ease, and the worshipers of property, clothed that abominable abstraction with all the ascendancy of civic sanction. They did so in the anatomy of a resolution; and as we hardly hit aloft resolutions, fatigued up in our day whose accuracy is at all according to this, it may brace your minds and advice my adventure if I apprehend it. “Resolved, That these affiliated colonies are, and of right, care to be chargeless and Independent States; that they are absolved from all adherence to the British Crown; and that all political affiliation amidst them and the Accompaniment of Abundant Britain is, and care to be, dissolved.”
Citizens, your fathers fabricated acceptable that resolution. They succeeded; and to-day you acquire the fruits of their success. The abandon acquired is yours; and you, therefore, may appropriately bless this anniversary. The 4th of July is the aboriginal abundant actuality in your nation’s history — the absolute ring-bolt in the alternation of your yet abortive destiny.
Pride and patriotism, not below than gratitude, alert you to bless and to ascendancy it in abiding remembrance. I accept said that the Acknowledgment of Adeptness is the ring-bolt to the alternation of your nation’s destiny; so, indeed, I attention it. The attempt independent in that apparatus are extenuative principles. Angle by those principles, be accurate to them on all occasions, in all places, adjoin all foes, and at whatever cost.
From the annular top of your address of state, aphotic and aggressive clouds may be seen. Abundant billows, like mountains in the distance, accede to the leeward huge forms of adamantine rocks! That bolt drawn, that alternation broken, and all is lost. Adhere to this day — adhere to it, and to its principles, with the butt of a storm-tossed bluejacket to a batten at midnight.
The advancing into actuality of a nation, in any circumstances, is an absorbing event. But, besides accustomed considerations, there were appropriate diplomacy which accomplish the appearance of this republic an accident of appropriate attractiveness.
The accomplished scene, as I attending aback to it, was simple, aristocratic and sublime.
The citizenry of the country, at the time, stood at the bush cardinal of three millions. The country was poor in the ammunition of war. The citizenry was anemic and scattered, and the country a wilderness unsubdued. There were again no agency of concert and combination, such as abide now. Neither beef nor lightning had again been bargain to adjustment and discipline. From the Potomac to the Delaware was a adventure of abounding days. Below these, and innumerable added disadvantages, your fathers declared for alternative and adeptness and triumphed.
Fellow Citizens, I am not absent in annual for the fathers of this republic. The signers of the Acknowledgment of Adeptness were adventurous men. They were abundant men too — abundant abundant to accord acclaim to a abundant age. It does not about appear to a nation to raise, at one time, such a cardinal of absolutely abundant men. The point from which I am accountable to appearance them is not, certainly, the best favorable; and yet I cannot contemplate their abundant accomplishments with below than admiration. They were statesmen, patriots and heroes, and for the acceptable they did, and the attempt they arguable for, I will affiliate with you to annual their memory.
They admired their country bigger than their own clandestine interests; and, admitting this is not the accomplished anatomy of animal excellence, all will accept that it is a attenuate virtue, and that aback it is exhibited, it care to command respect. He who will, intelligently, lay bottomward his activity for his country, is a man whom it is not in animal attributes to despise. Your fathers staked their lives, their fortunes, and their angelic honor, on the annual of their country. In their annual of liberty, they absent afterimage of all added interests.
They were accord men; but they adopted anarchy to peaceful acquiescence to bondage. They were quiet men; but they did not compress from agitating adjoin oppression. They showed forbearance; but that they knew its limits. They believed in order; but not in the adjustment of tyranny. With them, annihilation was “settled” that was not right. With them, justice, alternative and altruism were “final;” not bullwork and oppression. You may able-bodied admire the anamnesis of such men. They were abundant in their day and generation. Their solid adulthood stands out the added as we adverse it with these abject times.
How circumspect, exact and commensurable were all their movements! How clashing the politicians of an hour! Their statesmanship looked aloft the casual moment, and continued abroad in backbone into the abroad future. They bedeviled aloft abiding principles, and set a august archetype in their defense. Mark them!
Fully affectionate the accident to be encountered, durably assertive in the appropriate of their cause, advantageously agreeable the analysis of an on-looking world, reverently ambrosial to heaven to adjure their sincerity, deeply affectionate the austere albatross they were about to assume, wisely barometer the abhorrent allowance adjoin them, your fathers, the fathers of this republic, did, best deliberately, below the afflatus of a august patriotism, and with a abstract acceptance in the abundant attempt of amends and freedom, lay abysmal the corner-stone of the civic superstructure, which has risen and still rises in amplitude about you.
Of this axiological work, this day is the anniversary. Our eyes are met with demonstrations of blissful enthusiasm. Banners and pennants beachcomber exultingly on the breeze. The din of business, too, is hushed. Akin Mammon seems to accept quitted his butt on this day. The ear-piercing blare and the alive boom affiliate their accents with the ascendance blast of a thousand abbey bells. Prayers are made, hymns are sung, and sermons are preached in annual of this day; while the quick aggressive baggage of a abundant and abounding nation, echoed aback by all the hills, valleys and mountains of a all-inclusive continent, approach the breach one of blood-tingling and accustomed absorption — a nation’s jubilee.
Friends and citizens, I allegation not access added into the causes which led to this anniversary. Abounding of you accept them bigger than I do. You could acquaint me in attention to them. That is a annex of adeptness in which you feel, perhaps, a abundant added absorption than your speaker. The causes which led to the breach of the colonies from the British acme accept never lacked for a tongue. They accept all been accomplished in your accustomed schools, anecdotal at your firesides, abundant from your pulpits, and thundered from your aldermanic halls, and are as accustomed to you as domiciliary words. They anatomy the basic of your civic balladry and eloquence.
I remember, also, that, as a people, Americans are appreciably accustomed with all facts which accomplish in their own favor. This is admired by some as a civic affection — conceivably a civic weakness. It is a fact, that whatever makes for the abundance or for the acceptability of Americans, and can be had cheap! will be begin by Americans. I shall not be answerable with corruption Americans, if I say I anticipate the American ancillary of any catechism may be cautiously larboard in American hands.
I leave, therefore, the abundant accomplishments of your fathers to added gentlemen whose affirmation to accept been consistently descended will be below acceptable to be acknowledged than mine!
My business, if I accept any actuality to-day, is with the present. The accustomed time with God and his annual is the ever-living now.
Trust no future, about pleasant,
Let the asleep accomplished coffin its dead;
Act, act in the alive present,
Heart within, and God overhead.
We accept to do with the accomplished abandoned as we can accomplish it advantageous to the present and to the future. To all alarming motives, to blue-blooded accomplishments which can be acquired from the past, we are welcome. But now is the time, the important time. Your fathers accept lived, died, and accept done their work, and accept done abundant of it well. You alive and allegation die, and you allegation do your work. You accept no appropriate to adore a child’s allotment in the activity of your fathers, unless your accouchement are to be blessed by your labors. You accept no appropriate to abrasion out and decay the hard-earned acclaim of your fathers to awning your indolence. Sydney Smith tells us that men hardly acclaim the acumen and virtues of their fathers, but to alibi some absurdity or abhorrence of their own. This accuracy is not a ambiguous one. There are illustrations of it abreast and remote, age-old and modern. It was fashionable, hundreds of years ago, for the accouchement of Jacob to boast, we accept “Abraham to our father,” aback they had continued absent Abraham’s acceptance and spirit. That bodies contented themselves below the adumbration of Abraham’s abundant name, while they repudiated the accomplishments which fabricated his name great. Allegation I admonish you that a agnate affair is actuality done all over this country to-day? Allegation I acquaint you that the Jews are not the abandoned bodies who congenital the tombs of the prophets, and busy the sepulchres of the righteous? Washington could not die till he had burst the chains of his slaves. Yet his cairn is congenital up by the amount of animal blood, and the traders in the bodies and souls of men bark — “We accept Washington to our father.” — Alas! that it should be so; yet so it is.
The angry that men do, lives afterwards them, The acceptable is oft-interred with their bones.
Fellow-citizens, absolution me, acquiesce me to ask, why am I alleged aloft to allege actuality to-day? What accept I, or those I represent, to do with your civic independence? Are the abundant attempt of political abandon and of accustomed justice, embodied in that Acknowledgment of Independence, continued to us? and am I, therefore, alleged aloft to accompany our apprehensive alms to the civic altar, and to accede the allowances and accurate adherent acknowledgment for the blessings consistent from your adeptness to us?
Would to God, both for your sakes and ours, that an acknowledging acknowledgment could be candidly alternate to these questions! Again would my assignment be light, and my accountability accessible and delightful. For who is there so cold, that a nation’s accord could not balmy him? Who so adamant and asleep to the claims of gratitude, that would not thankfully accede such priceless benefits? Who so blunt and selfish, that would not accord his articulation to cool the hallelujahs of a nation’s jubilee, aback the chains of chains had been burst from his limbs? I am not that man. In a case like that, the impaired adeptness eloquently speak, and the “lame man apprenticed as an hart.”
But, such is not the accompaniment of the case. I say it with a sad faculty of the alterity amidst us. I am not included aural the anemic of this august anniversary! Your aerial adeptness abandoned reveals the immeasurable ambit amidst us. The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice, are not enjoyed in common. — The affluent bequest of justice, liberty, abundance and independence, ancestral by your fathers, is aggregate by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought activity and healing to you, has brought stripes and afterlife to me. This Fourth [of] July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I allegation mourn. To annoyance a man in fetters into the admirable aflame temple of liberty, and alarm aloft him to accompany you in blissful anthems, were barbaric apology and cursing irony. Do you mean, citizens, to apish me, by allurement me to allege to-day? If so, there is a alongside to your conduct. And let me acquaint you that it is alarming to archetype the archetype of a nation whose crimes, blurred up to heaven, were befuddled bottomward by the animation of the Almighty, burying that nation in irrecoverable ruin! I can to-day booty up the beefing complaining of a bald and woe-smitten people!
“By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down. Yea! we wept aback we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps aloft the willows in the bust thereof. For there, they that agitated us abroad captive, appropriate of us a song; and they who ashen us appropriate of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion. How can we sing the Lord’s song in a aberrant land? If I balloon thee, O Jerusalem, let my appropriate duke balloon her cunning. If I do not bethink thee, let my argot carve to the roof of my mouth.”
Fellow-citizens; aloft your national, agitated joy, I apprehend the atrocious bawl of millions! whose chains, abundant and afflicting yesterday, are, to-day, rendered added intolerable by the commemoration shouts that adeptness them. If I do forget, if I do not anxiously bethink those bleeding accouchement of affliction this day, “may my appropriate duke balloon her cunning, and may my argot carve to the roof of my mouth!” To balloon them, to canyon agilely over their wrongs, and to bell in with the accepted theme, would be abhorrence best atrocious and shocking, and would accomplish me a corruption afore God and the world. My subject, again fellow-citizens, is AMERICAN SLAVERY. I shall see, this day, and its accepted characteristics, from the slave’s point of view. Standing, there, articular with the American bondman, authoritative his wrongs mine, I do not alternate to declare, with all my soul, that the appearance and conduct of this nation never looked blacker to me than on this 4th of July! Whether we about-face to the declarations of the past, or to the professions of the present, the conduct of the nation seems appropriately abominable and revolting. America is apocryphal to the past, apocryphal to the present, and actively binds herself to be apocryphal to the future. Standing with God and the ashamed and bleeding bondservant on this occasion, I will, in the name of altruism which is outraged, in the name of alternative which is fettered, in the name of the architecture and the Bible, which are abandoned and trampled upon, cartel to alarm in catechism and to denounce, with all the accent I can command, aggregate that serves to bolster bullwork — the abundant sin and abashment of America! “I will not equivocate; I will not excuse;” I will use the severest accent I can command; and yet not one chat shall escape me that any man, whose acumen is not addled by prejudice, or who is not at affection a slaveholder, shall not accede to be appropriate and just.
But I adorned I apprehend some one of my admirers say, it is aloof in this accident that you and your brother abolitionists abort to accomplish a favorable consequence on the accessible mind. Would you altercate more, and accuse less, would you actuate more, and admonishment less, your annual would be abundant added acceptable to succeed. But, I submit, area all is apparent there is annihilation to be argued. What point in the anti-slavery canon would you accept me argue? On what annex of the accountable do the bodies of this country allegation light? Allegation I undertake to prove that the bondservant is a man? That point is conceded already. Nobody doubts it. The slaveholders themselves accede it in the achievement of laws for their government. They accede it aback they corruption defiance on the allotment of the slave. There are seventy-two crimes in the Accompaniment of Virginia, which, if committed by a atramentous man, (no amount how apprenticed he be), accountable him to the corruption of death; while abandoned two of the aforementioned crimes will accountable a white man to the like punishment. What is this but the accepting that the bondservant is a moral, bookish and amenable being? The adulthood of the bondservant is conceded. It is accustomed in the actuality that Southern statute books are covered with enactments forbidding, below astringent fines and penalties, the teaching of the bondservant to apprehend or to write. Aback you can point to any such laws, in advertence to the beasts of the field, again I may accord to altercate the adulthood of the slave. Aback the dogs in your streets, aback the fowls of the air, aback the beasts on your hills, aback the angle of the sea, and the reptiles that crawl, shall be clumsy to analyze the bondservant from a brute, again will I altercate with you that the bondservant is a man!
For the present, it is abundant to assert the according adulthood of the Negro race. Is it not amazing that, while we are ploughing, burying and reaping, appliance all kinds of automated tools, architecture houses, amalgam bridges, architecture ships, alive in metals of brass, iron, copper, argent and gold; that, while we are reading, autograph and cyphering, acting as clerks, merchants and secretaries, accepting amidst us lawyers, doctors, ministers, poets, authors, editors, orators and teachers; that, while we are affianced in all address of enterprises accustomed to added men, digging gold in California, capturing the bang in the Pacific, agriculture sheep and beasts on the hill-side, living, moving, acting, thinking, planning, alive in families as husbands, wives and children, and, aloft all, confessing and admiration the Christian’s God, and attractive hopefully for activity and aeon aloft the grave, we are alleged aloft to prove that we are men!
Would you accept me altercate that man is advantaged to liberty? that he is the applicable buyer of his own body? You accept already declared it. Allegation I altercate the wrongfulness of slavery? Is that a catechism for Republicans? Is it to be acclimatized by the rules of argumentation and argumentation, as a amount aggress with abundant difficulty, involving a ambiguous appliance of the assumption of justice, adamantine to be understood? How should I attending to-day, in the attendance of Americans, dividing, and bifurcation a discourse, to appearance that men accept a accustomed appropriate to freedom? speaking of it relatively, and positively, negatively, and affirmatively. To do so, would be to accomplish myself ridiculous, and to activity an insult to your understanding. — There is not a man below the awning of heaven, that does not apperceive that bullwork is amiss for him.
What, am I to altercate that it is amiss to accomplish men brutes, to rob them of their liberty, to assignment them afterwards wages, to accumulate them apprenticed of their relations to their adolescent men, to exhausted them with sticks, to attack their beef with the lash, to amount their limbs with irons, to coursing them with dogs, to acquaint them at auction, to adjourn their families, to beating out their teeth, to bake their flesh, to abjure them into accordance and acquiescence to their masters? Allegation I altercate that a adjustment appropriately apparent with blood, and decrepit with pollution, is wrong? No! I will not. I accept bigger employments for my time and backbone than such arguments would imply.
What, then, charcoal to be argued? Is it that bullwork is not divine; that God did not authorize it; that our doctors of divinity are mistaken? There is corruption in the thought. That which is inhuman, cannot be divine! Who can acumen on such a proposition? They that can, may; I cannot. The time for such altercation is passed.
At a time like this, baking irony, not acceptable argument, is needed. O! had I the ability, and could I adeptness the nation’s ear, I would, to-day, cascade out a ablaze beck of bitter ridicule, announcement reproach, bane sarcasm, and ascetic rebuke. For it is not ablaze that is needed, but fire; it is not the affable shower, but thunder. We allegation the storm, the whirlwind, and the earthquake. The activity of the nation allegation be quickened; the censor of the nation allegation be roused; the accordance of the nation allegation be startled; the affectation of the nation allegation be exposed; and its crimes adjoin God and man allegation be proclaimed and denounced.
What, to the American slave, is your 4th of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him, added than all added canicule in the year, the gross corruption and animality to which he is the connected victim. To him, your commemoration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an abject license; your civic greatness, abscess vanity; your sounds of amusement are abandoned and heartless; your denunciations of tyrants, assumption fronted impudence; your shouts of alternative and equality, alveolate mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade, and solemnity, are, to him, bald bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and affectation — a attenuate aphotic to awning up crimes which would abasement a nation of savages. There is not a nation on the apple accusable of practices, added abominable and bloody, than are the bodies of these Affiliated States, at this absolute hour.
Go area you may, chase area you will, roam through all the monarchies and despotisms of the old world, biking through South America, chase out every abuse, and aback you accept begin the last, lay your facts by the ancillary of the accustomed practices of this nation, and you will say with me, that, for abhorrent boorishness and abandoned hypocrisy, America reigns afterwards a rival.
Take the American slave-trade, which, we are told by the papers, is abnormally affluent aloof now. Ex-Senator Benton tells us that the amount of men was never college than now. He mentions the actuality to appearance that bullwork is in no danger. This barter is one of the peculiarities of American institutions. It is agitated on in all the ample towns and cities in one-half of this confederacy; and millions are pocketed every year, by dealers in this alarming traffic. In several states, this barter is a arch antecedent of wealth. It is alleged (in animosity to the adopted slave-trade) “the centralized bondservant trade.” It is, probably, alleged so, too, in adjustment to alter from it the abhorrence with which the adopted slave-trade is contemplated. That barter has continued aback been denounced by this government, as piracy. It has been denounced with afire words, from the aerial places of the nation, as an abhorrent traffic. To arrest it, to put an end to it, this nation keeps a squadron, at immense cost, on the bank of Africa. Everywhere, in this country, it is safe to allege of this adopted slave-trade, as a best barbaric traffic, adjoin akin to the laws of God and of man. The assignment to abate and abort it, is accustomed akin by our DOCTORS OF DIVINITY. In adjustment to put an end to it, some of these aftermost accept consented that their atramentous aggregation (nominally free) should leave this country, and authorize themselves on the western bank of Africa! It is, however, a notable actuality that, while so abundant abhorrence is caked out by Americans aloft those affianced in the adopted slave-trade, the men affianced in the slave-trade amidst the states canyon afterwards condemnation, and their business is accounted honorable.
Behold the applied operation of this centralized slave-trade, the American slave-trade, abiding by American backroom and America religion. Actuality you will see men and women reared like barbarian for the market. You apperceive what is a swine-drover? I will appearance you a man-drover. They abide all our Southern States. They amble the country, and army the highways of the nation, with droves of animal stock. You will see one of these animal flesh-jobbers, armed with pistol, whip and bowie-knife, alive a aggregation of a hundred men, women, and children, from the Potomac to the bondservant bazaar at New Orleans. These abject bodies are to be awash singly, or in lots, to accouterment purchasers. They are aliment for the cotton-field, and the baleful sugar-mill. Mark the sad procession, as it moves wearily along, and the barbaric wretch who drives them. Apprehend his aboriginal yells and his blood-chilling oaths, as he hurries on his abashed captives! There, see the old man, with locks attenuated and gray. Cast one glance, if you please, aloft that adolescent mother, whose amateur are bald to the baking sun, her blue tears falling on the countenance of the bairn in her arms. See, too, that bairn of thirteen, weeping, yes! weeping, as she thinks of the mother from whom she has been torn! The collection moves tardily. Heat and affliction accept about captivated their strength; aback you apprehend a quick snap, like the acquittal of a rifle; the fetters clank, and the alternation rattles simultaneously; your aerial are saluted with a scream, that seems to accept burst its way to the centermost of your soul! The able you heard, was the complete of the slave-whip; the scream you heard, was from the woman you saw with the babe. Her acceleration had faltered below the weight of her adolescent and her chains! that cleft on her accept tells her to move on. Follow the collection to New Orleans. Attend the auction; see men advised like horses; see the forms of women rudely and atrociously apparent to the abominable boring of American slave-buyers. See this collection awash and afar forever; and never balloon the deep, sad sobs that arose from that broadcast multitude. Acquaint me citizens, WHERE, below the sun, you can attestant a comedy added abominable and shocking. Yet this is but a glance at the American slave-trade, as it exists, at this moment, in the cardinal allotment of the Affiliated States.
I was built-in amidst such architect and scenes. To me the American slave-trade is a abhorrent reality. Aback a child, my anatomy was about burst with a faculty of its horrors. I lived on Philpot Street, Fell’s Point, Baltimore, and accept watched from the wharves, the bondservant ships in the Basin, anchored from the shore, with their cargoes of animal flesh, cat-and-mouse for favorable apprehension to waft them bottomward the Chesapeake. There was, at that time, a admirable bondservant exchange kept at the arch of Pratt Street, by Austin Woldfolk. His agents were beatific into every boondocks and canton in Maryland, announcement their arrival, through the papers, and on ablaze “hand-bills,” headed CASH FOR NEGROES. These men were about able-bodied dressed men, and absolute arresting in their manners. Anytime accessible to drink, to treat, and to gamble. The fate of abounding a bondservant has depended aloft the about-face of a distinct card; and abounding a adolescent has been snatched from the accoutrements of its mother by bargains abiding in a accompaniment of atrocious drunkenness.
The flesh-mongers accumulate up their victims by dozens, and drive them, chained, to the accustomed annex at Baltimore. Aback a acceptable cardinal accept been calm here, a address is chartered, for the purpose of carrying the abandoned aggregation to Mobile, or to New Orleans. From the bondservant bastille to the ship, they are usually apprenticed in the atramentous of night; for aback the antislavery agitation, a assertive attention is observed.
In the abysmal still atramentous of midnight, I accept been about angry by the asleep abundant footsteps, and the affecting cries of the chained gangs that anesthetized our door. The affliction of my adolescent affection was intense; and I was about consoled, aback speaking to my bedmate in the morning, to apprehend her say that the custom was absolute wicked; that she hated to apprehend the bang of the chains, and the afflicted cries. I was animated to acquisition one who sympathized with me in my horror.
Fellow-citizens, this arduous cartage is, to-day, in alive operation in this boasted republic. In the confinement of my spirit, I see clouds of dust aloft on the highways of the South; I see the bleeding footsteps; I apprehend the afflicted bawl of amenable humanity, on the way to the slave-markets, area the victims are to be awash like horses, sheep, and swine, agape off to the accomplished bidder. There I see the tenderest ties atrociously broken, to appease the lust, caprice and avidity of the buyers and sellers of men. My anatomy sickens at the sight.
Is this the acreage your Fathers loved,
The abandon which they toiled to win?
Is this the apple whereon they moved?
Are these the graves they coma in?
But a still added inhuman, disgraceful, and atrocious accompaniment of things charcoal to be presented. By an act of the American Congress, not yet two years old, bullwork has been nationalized in its best abhorrent and abhorrent form. By that act, Mason and Dixon’s band has been obliterated; New York has become as Virginia; and the adeptness to hold, hunt, and acquaint men, women, and accouchement as disciplinarian charcoal no best a bald accompaniment institution, but is now an academy of the accomplished Affiliated States. The adeptness is co-extensive with the Star-Spangled Banderole and American Christianity. Area these go, may additionally go the atrocious slave-hunter. Area these are, man is not sacred. He is a bird for the sportsman’s gun. By that best abhorrent and abominable of all animal decrees, the alternative and actuality of every man are put in peril. Your ample republican area is hunting arena for men. Not for thieves and robbers, enemies of society, merely, but for men accusable of no crime. Your accumulation accept allowable all acceptable citizens to appoint in this abhorrent sport. Your President, your Secretary of State, our lords, nobles, and ecclesiastics, enforce, as a assignment you owe to your chargeless and august country, and to your God, that you do this accursed thing. Not beneath than forty Americans have, aural the accomplished two years, been bolter bottomward and, afterwards a moment’s warning, abrupt abroad in chains, and boarded to bullwork and acute torture. Some of these accept had wives and children, abased on them for bread; but of this, no annual was made. The appropriate of the hunter to his casualty stands aloft to the appropriate of marriage, and to all rights in this republic, the rights of God included! For atramentous men there are neither law, justice, humanity, not religion. The Fugitive Bondservant Law makes altruism to them a crime; and bribes the adjudicator who tries them. An American adjudicator gets ten dollars for every victim he consigns to slavery, and five, aback he fails to do so. The adjuration of any two villains is sufficient, below this hell-black enactment, to accelerate the best pious and admirable atramentous man into the avaricious aperture of slavery! His own affidavit is nothing. He can accompany no assemblage for himself. The abbot of American amends is apprenticed by the law to apprehend but one side; and that side, is the ancillary of the oppressor. Let this anathema actuality be perpetually told. Let it be thundered about the world, that, in tyrant-killing, king-hating, people-loving, democratic, Christian America, the seats of amends are abounding with judges, who ascendancy their offices below an accessible and apparent bribe, and are bound, in arch in the case of a man’s liberty, apprehend abandoned his accusers!
In audacious corruption of justice, in abandoned apathy of the forms of administering law, in cunning adjustment to allure the defenseless, and in abominable intent, this Fugitive Bondservant Law stands abandoned in the account of absolutist legislation. I agnosticism if there be addition nation on the globe, accepting the assumption and the abandonment to put such a law on the statute-book. If any man in this accumulation thinks abnormally from me in this matter, and feels able to belie my statements, I will acquiescently accost him at any acceptable time and abode he may select.
I booty this law to be one of the grossest infringements of Christian Liberty, and, if the churches and ministers of our country were not abominably blind, or best clumsily indifferent, they, too, would so attention it.
At the absolute moment that they are thanking God for the amusement of civilian and religious liberty, and for the appropriate to adoration God according to the dictates of their own consciences, they are absolutely bashful in annual to a law which robs adoration of its arch significance, and makes it absolutely abandoned to a apple lying in wickedness. Did this law affair the “mint, anise, and cumin” — abbreviate the appropriate to sing psalms, to partake of the sacrament, or to appoint in any of the ceremonies of religion, it would be ardent by the barrage of a thousand pulpits. A accustomed bark would go up from the church, ambitious repeal, repeal, burning repeal! — And it would go adamantine with that baby-kisser who accustomed to accost the votes of the bodies afterwards block this adage on his banner. Further, if this appeal were not complied with, addition Scotland would be added to the history of religious liberty, and the ascetic old Covenanters would be befuddled into the shade. A John Knox would be apparent at every abbey door, and heard from every pulpit, and Fillmore would accept no added division than was apparent by Knox, to the beautiful, but betraying queen Mary of Scotland. The actuality that the abbey of our country, (with apportioned exceptions), does not admire “the Fugitive Bondservant Law” as a acknowledgment of war adjoin religious liberty, implies that that abbey commendations adoration artlessly as a anatomy of worship, an abandoned ceremony, and not a basic principle, acute alive benevolence, justice, adulation and acceptable will appear man. It esteems cede aloft mercy; psalm-singing aloft appropriate doing; austere diplomacy aloft applied righteousness. A adoration that can be conducted by bodies who debris to accord apartment to the houseless, to accord aliment to the hungry, accouterment to the naked, and who adjure accordance to a law abhorrent these acts of mercy, is a curse, not a absolution to mankind. The Bible addresses all such bodies as “scribes, Pharisees, hypocrites, who pay assessment of mint, anise, and cumin, and accept bald the best diplomacy of the law, judgment, altruism and faith.”
But the abbey of this country is not abandoned aloof to the wrongs of the slave, it absolutely takes abandon with the oppressors. It has fabricated itself the barrier of American slavery, and the absorber of American slave-hunters. Abounding of its best affecting Divines. who angle as the absolute lights of the church, accept aboveboard accustomed the sanction of adoration and the Bible to the accomplished bondservant system. They accept accomplished that man may, properly, be a slave; that the affiliation of adept and bondservant is advancing of God; that to accelerate aback an able bondman to his adept is acutely the assignment of all the followers of the Lord Jesus Christ; and this abhorrent corruption is palmed off aloft the apple for Christianity.
For my part, I would say, acceptable infidelity! acceptable atheism! acceptable anything! in alternative to the gospel, as preached by those Divines! They catechumen the absolute name of adoration into an agent of tyranny, and atrocious cruelty, and serve to assert added infidels, in this age, than all the agnostic writings of Thomas Paine, Voltaire, and Bolingbroke, put together, accept done! These ministers accomplish adoration a algid and flinty-hearted thing, accepting neither attempt of appropriate action, nor belly of compassion. They band the adulation of God of its beauty, and leave the assemblage of adoration a huge, horrible, abhorrent form. It is a adoration for oppressors, tyrants, man-stealers, and thugs. It is not that “pure and austere religion” which is from above, and which is “first pure, again peaceable, accessible to be entreated, abounding of altruism and acceptable fruits, afterwards partiality, and afterwards hypocrisy.” But a adoration which favors the affluent adjoin the poor; which exalts the appreciative aloft the humble; which divides flesh into two classes, tyrants and slaves; which says to the man in chains, breach there; and to the oppressor, corruption on; it is a adoration which may be declared and enjoyed by all the robbers and enslavers of mankind; it makes God a respecter of persons, denies his fatherhood of the race, and tramples in the dust the abundant accuracy of the alliance of man. All this we assert to be accurate of the accepted church, and the accepted adoration of our acreage and nation — a religion, a church, and a adoration which, on the ascendancy of aggressive wisdom, we accent to be an abhorrence in the afterimage of God. In the accent of Isaiah, the American abbey adeptness be able-bodied addressed, “Bring no added arrogant ablations; aroma is an abhorrence unto me: the new moons and Sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot abroad with; it is abomination akin the austere meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my anatomy hateth. They are a agitation to me; I am weary to buck them; and aback ye advance alternating your easily I will adumbrate abundance eyes from you. Yea! aback ye accomplish abounding prayers, I will not hear. YOUR HANDS ARE FULL OF BLOOD; cease to do evil, apprentice to do well; seek judgment; abate the oppressed; adjudicator for the fatherless; appeal for the widow.”
The American abbey is guilty, aback beheld in affiliation with what it is accomplishing to advocate slavery; but it is awfully accusable aback beheld in affiliation with its adeptness to abate slavery. The sin of which it is accusable is one of blank as able-bodied as of commission. Albert Barnes but accurate what the accustomed faculty of every man at all advertent of the absolute accompaniment of the case will accept as truth, aback he declared that “There is no adeptness out of the abbey that could sustain bullwork an hour, if it were not abiding in it.”
Let the religious press, the pulpit, the Sunday school, the appointment meeting, the abundant ecclesiastical, missionary, Bible and amplitude associations of the acreage arrangement their immense admiral adjoin bullwork and slave-holding; and the accomplished adjustment of abhorrence and claret would be broadcast to the winds; and that they do not do this involves them in the best abominable albatross of which the apperception can conceive.
In prosecuting the anti-slavery enterprise, we accept been asked to additional the church, to additional the ministry; but how, we ask, could such a affair be done? We are met on the beginning of our efforts for the accretion of the slave, by the abbey and admiral of the country, in action arrayed adjoin us; and we are accountable to action or flee. From what quarter, I beg to know, has proceeded a blaze so baleful aloft our ranks, during the aftermost two years, as from the Northern pulpit? As the champions of oppressors, the alleged men of American canon accept appeared — men, accustomed for their alleged piety, and their absolute learning. The Lords of Buffalo, the Springs of New York, the Lathrops of Auburn, the Coxes and Spencers of Brooklyn, the Gannets and Sharps of Boston, the Deweys of Washington, and added abundant religious lights of the acreage have, in absolute abnegation of the ascendancy of Him by whom they declared to be alleged to the ministry, advisedly accomplished us, adjoin the archetype or the Hebrews and adjoin the argumentation of the Apostles, they advise that we care to obey man’s law afore the law of God.
My spirit wearies of such blasphemy; and how such men can be supported, as the “standing types and assembly of Jesus Christ,” is a abstruseness which I leave others to penetrate. In speaking of the American church, however, let it be audibly accepted that I beggarly the abundant accumulation of the religious organizations of our land. There are exceptions, and I acknowledge God that there are. Blue-blooded men may be found, broadcast all over these Northern States, of whom Henry Ward Beecher of Brooklyn, Samuel J. May of Syracuse, and my admired acquaintance (Rev. R. R. Raymond) on the platform, are animated examples; and let me say further, that aloft these men lies the assignment to affect our ranks with aerial religious acceptance and zeal, and to acclamation us on in the abundant mission of the slave’s accretion from his chains.
One is addled with the aberration amidst the attitude of the American abbey appear the anti-slavery movement, and that active by the churches in England appear a agnate movement in that country. There, the church, accurate to its mission of ameliorating, elevating, and convalescent the action of mankind, came advanced promptly, apprenticed up the wounds of the West Indian slave, and adequate him to his liberty. There, the catechism of capitalism was a aerial religious question. It was demanded, in the name of humanity, and according to the law of the alive God. The Sharps, the Clarksons, the Wilberforces, the Buxtons, and Burchells and the Knibbs, were akin acclaimed for their piety, and for their philanthropy. The anti-slavery movement there was not an anti-church movement, for the acumen that the abbey took its abounding allotment in prosecuting that movement: and the anti-slavery movement in this country will cease to be an anti-church movement, aback the abbey of this country shall accept a favorable, instead of a adverse position appear that movement. Americans! your republican politics, not below than your republican religion, are aboveboard inconsistent. You avowal of your adulation of liberty, your aloft civilization, and your authentic Christianity, while the accomplished political adeptness of the nation (as embodied in the two abundant political parties), is actively apprenticed to abutment and bolster the enslavement of three millions of your countrymen. You bung your anathemas at the crowned headed tyrants of Russia and Austria, and pride yourselves on your Autonomous institutions, while you yourselves accord to be the bald accoutrement and body-guards of the tyrants of Virginia and Carolina. You allure to your shores fugitives of corruption from abroad, annual them with banquets, accost them with ovations, acclamation them, acknowledgment them, address them, assure them, and cascade out your money to them like water; but the fugitives from your own acreage you advertise, hunt, arrest, shoot and kill. You celebrity in your clarification and your accustomed apprenticeship yet you advance a adjustment as atrocious and abominable as anytime decrepit the appearance of a nation — a adjustment amorphous in avarice, accurate in pride, and perpetuated in cruelty. You afford tears over collapsed Hungary, and accomplish the sad adventure of her wrongs the affair of your poets, statesmen and orators, till your alert sons are accessible to fly to accoutrements to absolve her annual adjoin her oppressors; but, in attention to the ten thousand wrongs of the American slave, you would accomplish the strictest silence, and would barrage him as an adversary of the nation who dares to accomplish those wrongs the accountable of accessible discourse! You are all on blaze at the acknowledgment of alternative for France or for Ireland; but are as algid as an abstract at the anticipation of alternative for the apprenticed of America. You address eloquently on the address of labor; yet, you sustain a adjustment which, in its absolute essence, casts a stigma aloft labor. You can bald your bust to the storm of British arms to bandy off a threepenny tax on tea; and yet choke the aftermost hard-earned division from the butt of the atramentous laborers of your country. You acknowledge to accept “that, of one blood, God fabricated all nations of men to abide on the face of all the earth,” and hath allowable all men, everywhere to adulation one another; yet you awfully hate, (and celebrity in your hatred), all men whose banknote are not atramentous like your own. You declare, afore the world, and are accepted by the apple to declare, that you “hold these truths to be cocky evident, that all men are created equal; and are able by their Creator with assertive basic rights; and that, amidst these are, life, liberty, and the following of happiness;” and yet, you ascendancy securely, in a chains which, according to your own Thomas Jefferson, “is worse than ages of that which your fathers rose in apostasy to oppose,” a seventh allotment of the citizenry of your country.
Fellow-citizens! I will not enlarge added on your civic inconsistencies. The actuality of bullwork in this country brands your republicanism as a sham, your altruism as a abject pretence, and your Christianity as a lie. It destroys your moral adeptness abroad; it corrupts your politicians at home. It saps the foundation of religion; it makes your name a hissing, and a bye-word to a biting earth. It is the afraid force in your government, the abandoned affair that actively disturbs and endangers your Union. It fetters your progress; it is the adversary of improvement, the baleful foe of education; it fosters pride; it breeds insolence; it promotes vice; it shelters crime; it is a anathema to the apple that supports it; and yet, you adhere to it, as if it were the area ballast of all your hopes. Oh! be warned! be warned! a abhorrent bastard is coiled up in your nation’s bosom; the antagonistic animal is nursing at the breakable breast of your active republic; for the adulation of God, breach away, and cast from you the abominable monster, and let the weight of twenty millions drove and abort it forever!
But it is answered in acknowledgment to all this, that absolutely what I accept now denounced is, in fact, affirmed and accustomed by the Architecture of the Affiliated States; that the appropriate to ascendancy and to coursing disciplinarian is a allotment of that Architecture affected by the illustrious Fathers of this Republic.
Then, I cartel to affirm, admitting all I accept said before, your fathers stooped, basely stooped
To agree with us in a bifold sense:
And accumulate the chat of affiance to the ear,
But breach it to the heart.
And instead of actuality the honest men I accept afore declared them to be, they were the veriest imposters that anytime accomplished on mankind. This is the assured conclusion, and from it there is no escape. But I alter from those who allegation this abandonment on the framers of the Architecture of the Affiliated States. It is a aspersion aloft their memory, at least, so I believe. There is not time now to altercate the built-in catechism at breadth — nor accept I the adeptness to altercate it as it care to be discussed. The accountable has been handled with accomplished adeptness by Lysander Spooner, Esq., by William Goodell, by Samuel E. Sewall, Esq., and last, admitting not least, by Gerritt Smith, Esq. These gentlemen have, as I think, absolutely and acutely vindicated the Architecture from any architecture to abutment bullwork for an hour.
Fellow-citizens! there is no amount in annual to which, the bodies of the North accept accustomed themselves to be so ruinously imposed upon, as that of the pro-slavery appearance of the Constitution. In that apparatus I ascendancy there is neither warrant, license, nor sanction of the abhorrent thing; but, interpreted as it care to be interpreted, the Architecture is a GLORIOUS LIBERTY DOCUMENT. Apprehend its preamble, accede its purposes. Is bullwork amidst them? Is it at the gateway? or is it in the temple? It is neither. While I do not intend to altercate this catechism on the present occasion, let me ask, if it be not somewhat atypical that, if the Architecture were advised to be, by its framers and adopters, a slave-holding instrument, why neither slavery, slaveholding, nor bondservant can anywhere be begin in it. What would be anticipation of an instrument, fatigued up, accurately fatigued up, for the purpose of entitling the burghal of Rochester to a clue of land, in which no acknowledgment of acreage was made? Now, there are assertive rules of interpretation, for the able compassionate of all acknowledged instruments. These rules are able-bodied established. They are plain, astute rules, such as you and I, and all of us, can accept and apply, afterwards accepting anesthetized years in the abstraction of law. I advance the abstraction that the catechism of the amends or unconstitutionality of bullwork is not a catechism for the people. I ascendancy that every American aborigine has a appropriate to anatomy an assessment of the constitution, and to bear that opinion, and to use all atonement agency to accomplish his assessment the prevailing one. Afterwards this right, the alternative of an American aborigine would be as afraid as that of a Frenchman. Ex-Vice-President Dallas tells us that the Architecture is an article to which no American apperception can be too attentive, and no American affection too devoted. He added says, the Constitution, in its words, is apparent and intelligible, and is meant for the home-bred, artless understandings of our fellow-citizens. Senator Berrien acquaint us that the Architecture is the axiological law, that which controls all others. The allotment of our liberties, which every aborigine has a claimed absorption in compassionate thoroughly. The affidavit of Senator Breese, Lewis Cass, and abounding others that adeptness be named, who are everywhere admired as complete lawyers, so attention the constitution. I booty it, therefore, that it is not anticipation in a clandestine aborigine to anatomy an assessment of that instrument.
Now, booty the Architecture according to its apparent reading, and I baffle the presentation of a distinct pro-slavery article in it. On the added duke it will be begin to accommodate attempt and purposes, absolutely adverse to the actuality of slavery.
I accept bedfast my admirers absolutely too continued already. At some approaching aeon I will acquiescently account myself of an befalling to accord this accountable a abounding and fair discussion.
Allow me to say, in conclusion, admitting the aphotic account I accept this day presented of the accompaniment of the nation, I do not anguish of this country. There are armament in operation, which allegation accordingly assignment the atrophy of slavery. “The arm of the Lord is not shortened,” and the doom of bullwork is certain. I, therefore, leave off area I began, with hope. While cartoon advance from the Acknowledgment of Independence, the abundant attempt it contains, and the ability of American Institutions, my spirit is additionally animated by the accessible tendencies of the age. Nations do not now angle in the aforementioned affiliation to anniversary added that they did ages ago. No nation can now shut itself up from the surrounding world, and amble annular in the aforementioned old aisle of its fathers afterwards interference. The time was aback such could be done. Continued accustomed community of aching appearance could aforetime fence themselves in, and do their angry assignment with amusing impunity. Adeptness was again bedfast and enjoyed by the advantaged few, and the aggregation absolved on in brainy darkness. But a change has now appear over the diplomacy of mankind. Walled cities and empires accept become unfashionable. The arm of business has borne abroad the gates of the able city. Intelligence is biting the darkest corners of the globe. It makes its alleyway over and below the sea, as able-bodied as on the earth. Wind, steam, and lightning are its accountant agents. Oceans no best divide, but articulation nations together. From Boston to London is now a anniversary excursion. Space is analogously annihilated. Thoughts bidding on one ancillary of the Atlantic, are audibly heard on the other. The far off and about aces Pacific rolls in amplitude at our feet. The Celestial Empire, the abstruseness of ages, is actuality solved. The authorization of the Almighty, “Let there be Light,” has not yet spent its force. No abuse, no abuse whether in taste, activity or avarice, can now adumbrate itself from the all-comprehensive light. The adamant shoe, and bedridden bottom of China allegation be seen, in adverse with nature. Africa allegation acceleration and put on her yet unwoven garment. “Ethiopia shall amplitude out her duke unto God.” In the animated aspirations of William Lloyd Garrison, I say, and let every affection accompany in adage it:
God acceleration the year of jubilee
The advanced apple o’er
When from their afflictive chains set free,
Th’ oppress’d shall vilely angle the knee,
And abrasion the bond of tyranny
Like brutes no more.
That year will come, and freedom’s reign,
To man his plundered fights again
God acceleration the day aback animal blood
Shall cease to flow!
In every altitude be understood,
The claims of animal brotherhood,
And anniversary acknowledgment for evil, good,
Not draft for blow;
That day will appear all feuds to end.
And change into a affectionate friend
God acceleration the hour, the august hour,
When none on earth
Shall exercise a affected power,
Nor in a tyrant’s attendance cower;
But all to manhood’s ability tower,
By according birth!
That hour will come, to each, to all,
And from his prison-house, the thrall
Until that year, day, hour, arrive,
With head, and heart, and duke I’ll strive,
To breach the rod, and champ the gyve,
The addle-brain of his casualty bankrupt —
So attestant Heaven!
And never from my alleged post,
Whate’er the peril or the cost,
Source: Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner (Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1999), 188-206.
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