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About the National Investigating Bureau (NIA)
NIA was constituted beneath the NIA Act, 2008 as the after-effects of the Mumbai Alarm advance of 2008. There are 649 advisers in the bureau and this bureau comes beneath the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The National Investigation Bureau (NIA) acts as the Central Counter-Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency. The bureau is authorised to investigate any terror-related amount beyond the country afterwards appropriate permission of the states.
Headquarter and Bounded Branches of NIA:-
The headquarter of NIA is in New Delhi but it has 8 added bounded offices beyond the country.Features of NIA Alteration Bill
The abutment chiffonier not alone afflicted the NIA act 2008 but additionally afflicted the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 on Jul 15, 2019, and Rajya Sabha Passed it on 17th July 2019.
Amendment to Schedule 4 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act will acquiesce the NIA to acknowledge an alone doubtable to accept alarm links as a terrorist.
Currently, alone organisations are appointed as ‘terrorist organisations’ but afterwards the change in the UAPA an alone can additionally be termed as a suspect.
So the change in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 is the angel of animosity amid the political parties.
There are 3 above changes done in the aboriginal NIA Act, 2008
1. The aboriginal change in NIA Act 2008: Expand the offenses that abatement aural its ambit
Current admiral of NIA are to investigate cases accompanying to the Atomic Energy Act, 1962, and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967. but
Now the Aboriginal NIA act 2008 is afflicted and the abuttals of the NIA added to investigate affairs accompanying to
1. Human trafficking
2. Counterfeit currency
3. Manufacture or auction of banned arms
4. Cyber- Terrorism
5. Offenses beneath the Explosive Substances Act, 1908
2. The additional change in NIA Act, 2008: Expansion in the administration of the NIAAs per the accepted act, the NIA admiral accept the aforementioned ability as added badge admiral and these admiral extend beyond the country. But
The NIA alteration bill 2019 has added the administration of the NIA admiral and advantaged them to investigate offenses committed alfresco India also.
Although NIA’s administration will be accountable to all-embracing treaties and calm laws of added countries.
3.The third change in NIA Act, 2008: Session Court to Appropriate Court
The third change relates to the appropriate balloon courts for the offenses that appear beneath NIA’s ambit or the alleged “scheduled offenses”.
As per the absolute NIA act 2008; the Act allows the Centre to aggregate appropriate courts for NIA’s trials. But
The NIA alteration Act 2019; the Central Government and the State Governments can baptize Sessions Courts as Appropriate Courts to conduct trials beneath the Act. Although this will be done in appointment with the Chief Justices of the Aerial Courts of the corresponding State.
It is account to acknowledgment that the confidence amount was already actual aerial in the NIA.
Shri Shah said in Lok Sabha that, as on 30.06.19, out of 272 cases registered, allegation bedding accept been filed in 199 cases; case is over in 51 cases and aesthetics accept been accomplished in 46 cases.
Main functions of NIA are;
1. To Study and analyse laws accompanying to agitation in added countries and consistently appraise the ability of absolute laws in India and adduce changes back seems necessary.
2. To investigate terror-related cases or to accomplish a action to action terrorism.
So it is accepted that the amendments in the NIA Act, 2008 would access the ability of the NIA which is the charge of the hour to assure the sovereignty, security, candor of India.
Although the action parties are opposing the amendments in the NIA act 2008 and UAPA,1967; they accept bidding their apropos that this bill will additionally be abolished like the POTA.
What is the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)?
National Investigation Agency: Vision and Functions
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